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beethoven deaf essay One of the cid, most surprising facts about Beethoven is that he was deaf. How can a musician, a composer, lack what we would imagine to be his most important sense? The first people he confided in were those who were geographically far from him, but in whom he had absolute confidence: those who lived at world bank essay competition Bonn. Dissertation Franais Cid! When he could no longer hide his handicap, Beethoven used notebooks in which visitors could write what they wanted him to caution writing in progress know, or equally ask what they wanted to know. Because of this, we lack, of course, the cid, most important part to understanding better his personality: what he replied. Here are some extracts from two letters to his friends, dated 1801, in which we get an idea about the claudius, deaf composer talking about his increasing deafness. Lettre of Beethoven to Karl Amenda. dated July 1st 1801. . Know that my noblest faculty, my hearing, has greatly deteriorated. . How sad is franais cid, my lot, I must avoid all things that are dear to me. Essay On King! . Dissertation! Oh how happy I should be if my hearing were completely restored, then I would hurry to you. ; . Of course, I am resolved to rise above every obstacle, but how will it be possible? . . I beg of you to keep the matter of my deafness a profound secret to be confided to nobody, no matter whom. . My hearing has grown steadily worse over the last three years, which was said to be caused by the condition of my belly. . For two years I have avoided almost all social gatherings because it is world essay competition, impossible for me to franais cid say to people I am deaf. If I belonged to any other profession it would be easier, but in my profession it is a frightful state. . It is curious that in conversation there are people who do not notice my condition at all; since I have generally been absent-minded, they account for by nancy, it in that way.
Often I can scarcely hear someone speaking softly, the tones yes, but not the words. However, as soon as anyone shouts it becomes intolerable. Extracts from a letter from Beethoven to Franz Gerhard Wegeler, a friend from dissertation cid, Bonn and a doctor who moved to Vienna and essay ethics married Eleonore von Breuning. most probably from 1801. Beyond the fact that Beethoven deafness was exaggerated and dramatized, it’s important to note that it was not complete deafness from the start. To be true, it was an infirmity that established itself slowly, and also developed itself quite erratically.
What was really dramatic was the moment in which the dissertation franais, young, successful composer and virtuoso had to accept that he was suffering from a chronic, incurable illness with which he will have to live and it was going to get worse. When it became clear that Beethoven was deaf, he accepted it. It was in bank essay 2013 the midst of his heroic period, and it documented in some authentic Ludwig van Beethoven quotes written in the margins of the Razoumovsky Quartets. It could safely be stated that even to cid the end of his life, there were days in which he could hear a bit. Was Beethoven deaf? In many other accounts, it was believed that he was stone deaf.
When the mairs thesis, communication difficulties finally became too great, more or less around 1818, Beethoven used leafs of dissertation cid paper or tablets, where his friends and visitors wrote down what they wanted to tell him, or ask him. These are known now as the Conversation Books. A Cripple Thesis! Though these are some interesting facts about Beethoven, we lack the answers the Master provided to the questions written there. Cid! Except for a few cases, all we can do is guess what he might have said. Let Beethoven himself tell us of the treatments he was advised by his doctors for his deafness and his entrails an extract from the same letter from nicomachean ethics, Beethoven to Franz Gerhard Wegeler as above, dated 29 June 1801 : The cause of this must be the condition of dissertation franais cid my belly which as you know has always been wretched and has been getting worse, since I am always troubled with diarrhea, which causes extraordinary weakness.
Frank wanted to essay on aristotle nicomachean tone up my body by tonic medicines and restore my hearing with almond oil, but prosit, nothing happened, my hearing grew worse and worse, my bowels remained as they had been. This lasted until the autumn of last year and I was often in despair. Then came a medical ass who advised me to take cold baths for my health; A more sensible one advised the usual lukewarm Danube bath. That worked wonders, my belly improved, but my deafness remained and became even worse. This last winter I was really miserable, since I had frightful attacks of colic and again fell back into my previous condition. Thus I remained until about four weeks ago, when I went to dissertation franais cid Vering, thinking that my condition demanded a surgeon, and besides I had great confidence in him.
He succeeded almost wholly in stopping the by nancy, awful diarrhea. Dissertation Franais Cid! He prescribed the lukewarm Danube bath, into caution thesis writing in progress phd comics which each time I had to pour a little bottle of strengthening stuff. He gave me no medicine of any kind until about four days ago when he prescribed pills for my stomach and a kind of herb for my ear. Since then I can say I am feeling stronger and better, except that my ears sing and buzz constantly, day and night. We know that Beethoven's talent never diminished despite his failing hearing but what are the origins of this problem? Here are some more Ludwig van Beethoven facts. No deafness specialists existed at dissertation that time, and all was waiting to nicomachean be discovered. Cid! While we will never know for certain what made Beethoven deaf, here are some opinions. The Doctor Wagner made the autopsy of Beethoven on March 27th 1827.
Although the dissertation, original of his report has been lost, a copy was preserved. Franais! Here is a short extract: . The ear cartilage is of a huge dimension and an irregular form. The scaphoïde dimple, and bank above all the auricle, were vast and had one and a half times the usual depth. Dissertation Cid! . Conversation notebook used by Beethoven. One hundred years later, Doctor Marage brought up Beethoven’s deafness at the conference of the French Academy of Sciences on January 9th and 23rd 1928, as well as December 2nd 1929. He thought that Beethoven's deafness was due to a labyrinthitis of druckkosten steuererklrung intestinal origin, that is to say that he had a lesion of the inner ear. Dissertation! According to Doctor Marage, who has studied Beethoven's letters, buzzing noises and other sounds started at around 1796. Deafness broke out in 1798 and Beethoven had lost 60% of his hearing by 1801. In 1816 he was completely deaf. Doctor Marage goes on to explain that Beethoven's whole hearing system was, in effect, hyper-sensitive and that, due to caution phd comics this, he was more prone to illness. Marage's theory is dissertation franais cid, therefore that of the labyrinthitis: . When deafness begins with high sounds, and overall when they are preceded by buzzing noises, whistling noises and an exaggerated sensitivity to dissertation the screaming voice, it is due to an internal lesion, that is to say that there is a problem with the ear labyrinth and the cerebral centers, from dissertation cid, where emerge the caution in progress phd comics, branches of the acoustic nerve.
Professor Porot and dissertation Doctor Miermont Bring Up Beethoven’s deafness in their study from 1986 Beethoven et les Malentendus. The authors state: . In particular, we will never know the state of the ossicles. . Nevertheless, going by dissertation, Beethoven's writings - the dates and the symptoms he describes, they make the dissertation cid, following observations: . Claudius! This is about the beginnings of franais cid deafness in a young man, without previous inflammation of the ear, and by nancy mairs without hearing problems in the family, a progressive devolution, without improvement despite various remedies prescribed by his doctors. The two authors diagnose: . either neurolabyrinthitis, or otospongiose or labyrinthitis. Franais! . And, concerning the probable cause, estimate: . the great cause of deafness at the time: syphilis. , but it's never been proved that . Beethoven would have been hit by syphilis by the end of his adolescence. . The complete definition of labyrinthitis can be found on the Vulgaris Médical in French. A particular symptom of caution writing in progress phd comics those who have caught labyrinthitis is that of vertigo. No document that we have, neither by Beethoven nor by his friends mentions anything about vertigo. Cid! The mystery deepens. “labyrinthitis: term comes from the greek laburinthos. burinthos. Inflammation of the labyrinth of the inner ear, which is a group of cavities and canals communicating between one another. Respect! The labyrinth or bony labyrinth is divided into dissertation franais three sections: the vestibule, the semi-circular canals and the cochlea.
The labyrinth membrane is made up of a network of little pockets containing the endolymph natural lymphatic liquid and the semi-circular canals which are the organs for balance, the vestibule with the utricle and the saccule, as the cochlear canal wich is the organ of hearing. Thesis Writing In Progress Phd Comics! The different types de labyrinthitis are: Acute labyrinthitis neuronitis, probably caused by a rhino-pharyngeal infection. This causes a brutally intense rotatory vertigo which augments, progressively, during a period of about thirty minutes, and which is associated with vomiting and nausea, but which is not accompanied by cochlear signs, i.e. hearing difficulties. In some conditions the dissertation franais cid, victim can be completely immobilised in his bed. The symptoms can last several days , but in general natural healing starts after the usage of antihistaminics and tranquillizers. Suppurate labyrinthitis , which is probably caused by an inflammation of the essay on aristotle nicomachean, middle ear seromucous infammation.
It is caused by a liquid effusion in dissertation franais the middle ear behind the tympanum due to which the patient complains of ethics a sensation that the cid, ear is 'full', and of abnormal reverberations of his own voice. Respect! In this case it is necessary to look for troubles in the ventilation of the tympanum usually caused by a blockage in the Eustachian tube a canal which links pharynx to the middle ear, allowing the balance of pressure. This complaint is sometimes an allergic reaction. The development of suppurate labyrinthitis can lead to the destruction of the tympanum or to dissertation franais cid a mastoïditis inflammation of the mastoïd: a bone situated at the back of the ear. Chronic labyrinthitis, also known as labyrinthic fistula, and probably due to essay on aristotle the wearing down of the labyrinth by a cholesteatoma: this is due to a small epithetial tumour , usually benign; sometimes these are exceptional tumours more frequent in horses and result in dissertation franais the proliferation of the claudius, cells which line the space under the meninges the arachnoïd. Finally, there exists a third version of cholesteatoma which consists of a mass infiltration of cholesterol which spreads to the middle of the tympanum; this is not of cancerous origin.
Definitive deafness Meningitis: inflammation of the meninges membrane which covers and dissertation protects the central nervous system. Spontaneous recovery in the case of caution thesis in progress phd comics viral labyrinthitis. Concerning bacterial labyrinthitis, it is cid, sometimes necessary to resort to antibiotics or to respect essay surgical treatment. The more common term is otosclerosis. According to some deaf websites, this is a condition of the middle ear in the stapes stirrup bone which is fixed in place where it attaches to the inner ear.
This prevents sound transmission. It usually starts at an early age and can progress to deafness. It can affect one or both ears. Today, it is treated surgically, usually with a stapedectomy. and to Alexandre LOPEZ who translated the medical terms and made sure the meaning was right.
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Generalising about the Arab Spring is playing with fire. Ahistorical portrayals of the Arab uprisings fail to capture the political transformations afoot – and worse, perpetuate a false need for security and stability when institutional reform is the solution. The euphoria and promise of the “Arab uprising” or “Arab Spring” have given way to what many refer to as a “winter” rather than a “spring”. Headlines such as “Military coup in Egypt”, “Civil war in Syria”, “Armed militias in Libya”, and “Sectarianism in Iraq” have come to dominate media outlets and policy discussions. The problem with selecting the most ill-fated of the “uprising” cases and painting them as illustrative of the Arab world as a whole is that they are unrepresentative of the diverse political transformations throughout the region. Franais! Such essentialist narratives present events outside of their context and didion respect summary, history. Dissertation! They distort the image of the “uprisings”, and of the Arab world generally as a perpetually violent and chaotic region incapable of strong institutional and democratic reform. This narrative conveniently propagates a policy, advocated by dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung, actors both within and outside the region, which prioritises stability and security while diverting attention away from needed political and institutional reforms. The key challenge for democratic transitions is the construction of a system characterised by elections, equality of citizenship and opportunity, the rule of law and inclusiveness. The success of transitions should be measured against these criteria.
This essay will focus on Egypt and dissertation, Tunisia: two countries that have become the symbols of the Arab uprising and reflect wide-scale implications for the region. The comparison of these two countries – particularly the creation of their constitutions and their electoral laws - reveals differences in their transitional political paths and highlights the power and importance of the agency of political elites. The variation between the two cases serves as a useful indicator of the essay nicomachean extent of success or failure in the political struggles towards democratic transition. Since the ousting of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, Tunisia has, on the whole, made significant strides towards democratisation. Despite strong disagreements and politically motivated roadblocks, Tunisia’s political elites have demonstrated a strong commitment to national unity, the institutional formation of a robust democracy, characterised by an inclusive constitution, a progressive electoral law, and an institutional setting that has prioritised dialogue and compromise over exclusion and partisanship. This process was aided by a favourable context. In the wake of the uprisings, Tunisia’s brutal security apparatus collapsed and its small yet professionalised military, which historically had no interest in politics, remained silent in the wings. In civilian politics, Islamists and secular factions were evenly matched; Ennahda won a plurality in Tunisia’s first free democratic elections and had reached out to include secular opposition parties in the government. Dissertation! In addition, the sequence of democratic transition in essay on aristotle ethics, Tunisia is worth mentioning as a favourable factor. Rather than beginning with electing a parliament charged with the selection of a constitutional committee, as seen in Egypt, Tunisia began with an interim government and developed a consensual constitution, which preceded parliamentary elections.
In contrast, since the 2011 overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has undergone a more turbulent political transition process. Franais! A parliament was elected, and dissolved; a democratically elected president faced a wave of popular opposition and was ultimately overthrown by a military-led coalition. July 3, 2013 marked a new phase in Egypt’s political trajectory. The political process has been heavily tainted by a rivalry between a security state and its opponents. The development of institutions and documents of the state and their interpretation have been shaped by circumstance, i.e. by the military-Muslim Brotherhood rivalry. Political elites in Egypt, in an effort to ensure the exclusion and limitations of the rights of oppositional forces and especially the dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung Muslim Brotherhood (by outlawing and declaring it a terrorist organisation) have significantly backtracked from franais, their promised neutrality and nicomachean, inclusiveness. New constitutions, different means. In theory, Tunisia’s new constitution is by many democratic measures a guarantor of equal opportunity and equal distribution of dissertation, power. The constitution contains inclusive content that guards against the exclusion often observed in other Arab constitutions, and essay ethics, prevents the return of dictatorship. In a speech to the National Constituent Assembly last January, President Marzouki said: “With the birth of dissertation cid, this text, we confirm our victory over dictatorship.” The document’s careful wording has secured agreement from both sides of the political spectrum by presenting a model of essay on aristotle nicomachean ethics, reconciliation, while simultaneously addressing the perplexing question of Islam’s role in public life.
The Constitution declares: “Tunisia is a free, independent and sovereign state, Islam is her religion, Arabic her language and franais cid, republic her regime” and “Tunisia is didion respect summary a state of civil character, based on citizenship, the will of the people and the primacy of law. In exchange for explicit mention of Islam as the religion of the state, Ennahda compromised on the inclusion of Islamic law. Secular parties, aided by a strong civil society, secured guarantees that Tunisia would remain a civil state with separation of state and religion (something that Rachid Ghannouchi, Ennahda’s leader, had also advocated) and placed preeminence on the freedoms of its people. It is franais cid also important to note that future governments cannot amend the two clauses. Tunisia established a semi-presidential system of government: both the president and the parliament have the ability to form and a cripple by nancy mairs thesis, dissolve a government; however, neither the parliament nor the president can fully dominate the other. Franais! Moreover, Article 49 incorporates what is probably the region’s most detailed limitations clause, designed to prevent parliaments from world bank international essay competition, arbitrarily, unfairly or inequitably curbing citizens’ rights. The Tunisian constitution is also the first to introduce gender-sensitive language in relation to key issues. For instance, Article 40 stipulates that the franais cid right to work is now “a right for every citizen, male and female”. This theme of gender equality runs throughout and encompasses the right to a fair wage, to decent working conditions, and to stand for election. Article 73 provides that every male and female has the right to run for president of world essay competition 2013, Tunisia, a feature absent in all other Arab constitutions. While Tunisia’s constitution has been hailed as the region’s most progressive constitution, it falls short in some areas.
The constitution requires that the state treat men and dissertation cid, women equally in the application of the law, however this does not mean that men and women have the same rights in all circumstances (such as, for example, inheritance and child custody). However, despite its imperfections, many Tunisians believe the constitution to dissertation steuererklrung be a welcome departure from what was once there. They also reason that the constitution represents the theoretical formulation of the state. What really matters is how it is practiced and implemented. Thus far, the behaviour of the political elite has been mostly positive, which has eased social discontent.
Tunisians have condemned abuses of dissertation franais, power and have outlined the path they wish Tunisia would take. While there are some inherent contradictions in world essay competition, the constitution, the reality is that it is dissertation cid unlikely that the parties could have negotiated a better outcome given the circumstances and the existing ideological differences. Like many skilled constitutional legislators, the Tunisian political elite seems to have honed their ability to use constructive ambiguity to generate balanced and inclusive outcomes. Egypt’s 2014 constitution - the didion self respect drafting process (headed by a government-appointed Committee of 50), the dissertation cid referendum that passed it with a near unanimous 98.1 percent (with a relatively substantial 38.6 percent voter turnout), and the content of the dissertation steuererklrung document itself - has fallen under criticism for the deeply politicised context in which it emerged, and within which it is currently implemented. In contrast to cid Tunisia, Egypt’s constitution does little to increase accountability among the world 2013 country’s political institutions, particularly the military, police and judiciary, or to guarantee citizen rights and the rule of law. Despite the representation of a vast cross-section of dissertation, society in the Committee of 50, with the conspicuous absence of Muslim Brotherhood affiliates, and public debates during the drafting period, the rushed, two-month process took place amidst heavy restrictions on the media and in the aftermath of the closure of many Islamist-affiliated organisations, and world bank international, a security crackdown that involved the arrests of several activists who had publicly opposed the charter. The vote on the constitution was thus carried out under suppression of the opposition. However, some viewed these measures as a necessary part of the security hype against the recently ousted MB. Furthermore, some advocated acceptance of the charter as a symbolic means of closing a chapter of increasingly unpopular Brotherhood rule and legitimising the interim government. Under such conditions, the vast affirmation for the document was unsurprising. In terms of content, while the constitution does make important improvements upon past documents in guaranteeing rights and freedoms (women, children and the disabled are more clearly protected by the constitution), ambiguous clauses leave sufficient space for the circumvention of such rights.
For example, the document allows for the military trial of civilians under numerous, vague circumstances. The wide room for dissertation franais cid, interpretation has already been exploited; applied not only to essay on king Brotherhood members, but also to many prominent revolutionary activists, journalists and others who are currently imprisoned under the pretext of allowances made by dissertation, the new constitution. The document further augments the power of the world bank essay competition president, military, police and franais, judiciary—institutions that would be difficult for opponents, particularly Brotherhood members, to infiltrate. The rivalries that marred the constitution’s writing process have led to essay continued concentration of franais cid, power, lack of accountability and oversight. Egypt’s military had been involved in caution thesis in progress, the transition process since the toppling of Hosni Mubarak; its second round of intervention, in the name of dissertation franais, establishing security and placing Egypt on a proper path to democratic transition, has continued to make it a key player in the political process.
Beyond the accusations that the interim government was a facade for claudius, military rule, and that former Defense Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s presidency bolsters that rule despite his resignation from the military upon his candidacy, the constitution and laws that have since been enacted work to effectively protect the military from civilian oversight or accountability. Therefore, overall, the rivalry between a security state and its opponents has resulted in the production of a highly politicised document that further concentrates power and leaves ample room for politically motivated infringement upon dissertation cid, citizen rights. Political elites and their electoral laws. Tunisia’s new electoral law is another example of the role of political elites in the democratic transition. The introductory articles commit to nicomachean free and fair elections, and dissertation franais, maintain democratic principles that outlaw electoral exclusion, promote transparency, secrecy of ballot, and by nancy thesis, impartiality amongst those responsible for the administration of election. The law is conceptually clear and outlines the institutional framework of the dissertation cid electoral process. Equal access of the national media is guaranteed; funding from foreign sources is caution writing phd comics prohibited; and electoral assistance is given to candidates.
Another important provision includes Article 6, which excludes members of the armed forces from participation, a critical step for democratisation. The National Constituent Assembly (NCA) has significantly aided the democratisation process in Tunisia. By voting via secret ballot and by a two-thirds majority to appoint the Instance Superieure Independante pour les Elections (ISIE) (election commission), the NCA has lent credibility and legitimacy to the democratisation process and the election body. Cid! In order to test the self respect essay summary professionalism of the NCA, assembly members of the NCA voted individually for dissertation, each commission. The process used to respect essay summary draft the electoral law and implement its mandate suggests that consensus building and cid, inclusiveness top the agenda of essay, Tunisia’s political elite. As in the Tunisian case, the role of the franais cid political elite is salient in the formation of Egypt’s elections law, albeit with different results. Egypt’s parliamentary elections law, issued by interim president Adly Mansour days before the end of his term in June 2014, was drafted in a politically fraught context aimed at preventing any potential rise of opposition, particularly MB affiliates, from gaining legislative authority. The law allows election authorities to ban any supporter of a religiously based, religiously discriminatory or violent organisation from candidacy - stipulations that are dangerously open to unjust interpretation. The law further weakens small political parties by putting in place a winner-take-all rather than party list system for the majority (75 percent) of parliamentary seats. This system advantages more powerful local candidates, often with political ties, who are unlikely to represent the opposition.
The election law also allows the Supreme Constitutional Court, the vast majority of whose justices were appointed by Hosni Mubarak, to dissolve parliament. In addition, given the by nancy mairs thesis vague mapping of electoral districts, election results could easily be open to challenge. While parliamentary elections have yet to dissertation cid take place under these 2014 stipulations, it seems highly unlikely under current elections law that a diverse or dynamic body, inclusive of opposition, can be elected. The cases of political transition in didion respect essay summary, Tunisia and Egypt demonstrate the need for more complex and nuanced analysis of political transformation in the Arab world. They underscore the importance of analysing individual countries within their contexts rather than utilising a few ahistorical, extreme scenarios that paint the Arab world as an enclave of authoritarianism and chaos. In Egypt, a lack of compromise among the political elite has led to an exclusive system in which the dissertation winners are exercising unchecked authority over the very foundations of their country’s political and economic institutions. In contrast, the Tunisian case, while not entirely unflawed, thus far illustrates how inclusive transitional processes can lead to the development of balanced and accountable institutions. Key features account for difference between the Tunisian and Egyptian cases, both tied to the will of political elite. In Tunisia, a relatively well-educated population and a strong civil society maintained pressure on the political elite.
Strong, independent unions in Tunisia, including the on king General Union of Tunisian Workers, lobbied the government consistently. Along with other actors, including the trade union federation, the cid law association, and human rights groups, it also served as an important mediator among political actors. In Egypt, unions are neither as powerful nor as independent. In contrast, Egypt, with its much larger, diverse, failed economy and less educated population, more restricted civil society and politicised military and court system enabled political actors to treat the post-revolutionary period as a winner-takes-all rivalry rather than a process of on being a cripple by nancy, negotiation and compromise. Once in dissertation cid, power - and in contrast to Ennahda’s more inclusive political process - the Morsi government installed many Islamists (MB and Salafis) in key power positions, often to the exclusion or minimal representation of the April 6 movement, ‘secularists’ and Copts. In addition, the 2012 constitution was tilted in favor of the MB’s political power. For example, the constitution favoured the power of parliament, where MB representation could be expected to consistently dominate, rather than the mairs president or other bodies. In a similar vein, the military, after the 2013 coup, has sought to franais cid completely eradicate the Brotherhood and leftist opposition, and concomitantly shaped foundational documents and institutions to its favour.
In contrast, once in power, Tunisia’s Ennahda party, taking a lesson from Algeria’s decades-long civil war, avoided polarising stances. It demonstrated its emphasis on national unity and inclusion by promising ahead of elections that, if victorious, it would appoint a non-Ennahda citizen as president and reach out to opposition parties in creating a coalition government. It backed away from pushing for the integration of Islamic law in the constitution, and, after two years in power and engaging with opposition in dialogue, opted to step down in favour of technocratic leadership to preserve national unity. Dissertation! The military remained in the barracks, that is, stayed out of direct involvement in politics, enabling political actors to negotiate a new system. Last year proved a turning point for Ennahda’s political fortunes. In parliamentary elections held on 26 October, Nidaa Tounes won 85 seats in the 217-member assembly, ahead of 69 secured by Ennahda. Nidaa Tounes, a self-styled liberal secular democratic coalition party, like its leader, Beji Caid Essebsi, was composed in large part by Tunisia’s traditional, political elite who portrayed themselves as a liberal democratic alternative to Ennahda. Ennahda’s loss of political power was finalised with the victory of Nidaa Tounes’ Essebsi in the presidential elections on 21 December. Ironically, Ghannouchi’s overriding his party's wishes and not allowing a law to be passed in May 2014 forbidding former members of Ben Ali's government and the RCD from running enabled Nidaa Tounes’ parliamentary victory and Essebsi’s candidacy and presidential victory. It has also led to a split within Ennadha between the leadership and youth who wanted the party to back President Marzouki as a presidential candidate.
Nidaa Tounes was challenged to dissertation demonstrate that it is capable of political inclusion and not exclusion in its dealings with Ennahda and other non-violent Islamists. Would it, however different in its political ideology, pursue a path of political inclusiveness and compromise to foster national unity and build a democratic future as Ghannoushi and Ennahda had done? That was not to be. Despite Essebsi’s post-election promise to form a broad-based coalition (as Ennahda had done previously) to effectively address crippling economic problems, he broke his promise. In late January 2015, Prime Minister Habib Essid announced a new minority government with 24 ministers that excluded Ennahda and other Islamists and leftist parties, despite the fact that it was a minority government with less than half the thesis votes necessary to survive a no-confidence vote.
The secularist-Islamist divide must give way to a system of government that brings together multiple voices and dissertation, actors and considers the desires of the public. This new system must emphasise the effectiveness of the world international essay 2013 democratic process and the wellbeing of the country over ideological differences and dissertation franais, repression of essay, dissent. Rather than recognition of the legitimacy of political opposition only so long as it is a loyal opposition, it must support an opposition whose ultimate loyalty is to cid national unity and the equality and prosperity of all. While relative stability has allowed Tunisia and world international competition, Egypt the opportunity of transition, the cid failure of the political process in Syria and Iraq has left these countries in turmoil and deeply divided. Caution In Progress Phd Comics! This power vacuum has enabled separatist movements, particularly the self-named Islamic State or IS, to garner supporters, take advantage of the increased accessibility to large-scale weaponry, and seize, hold and govern large swathes of territory in Syria and cid, Iraq. Processes within the region cannot be considered in isolation; the lack of on king claudius, political inclusiveness in some Arab countries, like Egypt, leave the franais cid potential for on being a cripple by nancy mairs thesis, disaffected and alienated opponents, Islamist or others, seeking alternative means to express their political interests. The vast majority of the Islamic State’s fighters come from Arab countries. One case in point is the dissertation cid significant number of former members of Saddam Hussein’s Baath party, dismissed blindly during the US invasion and occupation of Iraq, who are reported to have joined the Islamic State. For groups like the Islamic State, religion has become an attractive tool to on being a cripple mairs legitimate narratives of marginalisation, anguish and dissertation franais, discontent, and to recruit and mobilise followers on caution in progress a global scale in the name of Islam. Franais! The continued lack of change, limited possibility for significant political representation and reform, and government repression of mainstream Islamists will only perpetuate the search for alternative means of expression and power-sharing, moderate and extremist.
Furthermore, even if the US-led coalition is successful in neutralising the Islamic State, the potential for by nancy thesis, the formation of alternative groups championing a similar or revised narrative is robust so long as underlying grievances are unaddressed. One recurring failure of US and European policy has been inattention to such grievances, explicitly political exclusion. The Arab uprisings served to further expose inconsistencies in American and franais, European political rhetoric regarding claimed support for self-determination, rule of by nancy, law and human rights. Cid! In turn, this has weakened their ability to leverage pressure on Arab governments. From the start of Egypt’s revolution, the US has taken shifting stances that made clear its lack of essay claudius, commitment to cid ideology and self respect essay, ultimate loyalty to the actor or group that appears most powerful. An initial hesitancy to abandon its longtime ally, Hosni Mubarak, transformed into enthusiastic support for the revolutionaries. Its decades-long vehement stance against the Brotherhood turned into support for its elected government, and while there was an initial disapproval of military coup, time has revealed the emptiness of US threats. US and European failure to criticise the cid role of Gulf allies, such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, for their political and financial support of the military coup that overthrew President Morsi, further undermines their credibility. Essay Nicomachean! In addition, insufficient condemnation of the franais al-Sisi government’s repressive actions, through the use of military courts and caution phd comics, mass death sentences, reveals continued inconsistency on part of franais cid, US and European policy. Government reports indicate that 22,000 have been detained in post-Morsi Egypt, while human rights organisations put this figure at 40,000.
Such behaviour indicates US and European prioritisation of Arab relations over commitment to human rights. Al-Sisi has capitalised upon US and EU policy inconsistencies, in addition to his popular support, backing of government bureaucracy and regional alliances to take a bolder stance towards the US. In recent months, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry has even mocked US statements on Egypt by mimicking almost word-for-word an American reaction to claudius Egyptian protests. Recently, the ministry produced its own assertions on the Ferguson protests (a series of Missouri protests that emerged in franais, response to a racially-charged police shooting of a young black man), suggesting that Egypt was “closely following” developments in Ferguson, and urging “restraint and respect for the right of assembly and caution phd comics, peaceful expression of opinion”. The statement was a comical mockery of the franais cid upper hand that the US assumes in its official addresses to Egypt. Moving forward, the US faces an overarching challenge. Despite its rhetorical commitment to a democratic ideology, the US has consistently sided with those in power. In many cases, it strikes a balance between using “democracy” as a diplomatic tool against Arab powers, while painting an image of regional violence and chaos as justification for its support for those very same powers. The notions of “democracy” and “authoritarianism” have been portrayed as entirely dichotomous, labels that give the dissertation democratic US a moral high ground over Arab authoritarianism. Dissertation Franais! The US justifies its intervention by insisting on the Arab need to emulate Western-style democracy as the only path for progress, all the while supporting the status quo. The historical context and its expansion of US hegemony in the region are all ignored as it attempts to construct and frame new realities.
The real power of the US and Europe lay in their ability to not simply construct a new narrative that emphasises self-determination, government accountability, rule of world international, law and human rights upon which political actions and policies are based, but to also act on franais cid that narrative. Failure to do so and, instead, accept the restoration of authoritarianism in Egypt, approve aid packages and even describe Egypt as on the path to democracy legitimates the widespread belief in the Arab world that the writing phd comics US and EU have a double standard when it comes to dissertation cid the promotion and support for democratisation. Equally important, it retreats to the old narrative and conventional wisdom that the Arab world and broader Middle East is a perpetually violent and respect essay summary, chaotic region incapable of strong institutional and franais cid, democratic reformation, and thus regional stability and Western national interest is dissertation steuererklrung dependent on security rather than democratic states. This reductionist and essentialist narrative ignores the dissertation franais cid realities of diverse political contexts and mairs, the role of authoritarian governments and their policies with substantial financial and military support from long-time US and EU allies. Failure to significantly shift from franais cid, a monolithic and essentialist perception of the Arab world and policies that focus on chaos and druckkosten steuererklrung, violence rather that their root causes prioritises stability and security, and diverts from the critical need for institutional reform. And what of Islamic movements? The retreat to the conventional wisdom of dissertation franais, equating stability and on being a cripple by nancy thesis, national interest with securitisation has also included a retreat to the anti-Muslim Brotherhood and longtime anti-Islamist mantra of Arab autocrats. Al-Sisi’s condemnation of Egypt’s MB as a terrorist organisation with international linkages, and Saudi Arabia's (and the United Arab Emirates's) attempt to rally not only Arab nations but also to preach and pressure the US and EU to follow suit has both domestic and cid, international implications.
For Arab monarchies and essay on king claudius, regimes, it provides an excuse to further limit, repress and even ban all Islamist movements. This monolithic approach ignores and cid, denies the on being by nancy mairs distinction between militant extremist and terrorist organisations and franais, mainstream Islamist political parties and movements who have an established track record of choosing ballots not bullets as a vehicle for political and social change. Many in recent years have participated in municipal and national elections and as a result served as mayors, parliamentarians, cabinet members, prime ministers, and president. They have also accepted defeat at the ballot box or government repression and in progress, not resorted to violence. Transparent, self-serving anti-MB and dissertation, anti-Islamist policies not only endanger the lives of mainstream Islamists but also discredit the thesis in progress claims of dissertation franais cid, Western democracies and their belief in didion self respect essay, and support for the right of self-determination, good governance, rule of law and human rights. Equally important, they affirm and reinforce the rhetoric and ranting of terrorist organisations like al-Qaeda and IS that both condemn democracy as anti-Islamic and charge that the US and Europe are hypocrites who have practiced a double standard when it comes to democracy promotion in the Middle East, a belief that Gallup poll reports and those of cid, other organisations have shown is didion self summary widespread. Short-term securitisation in the name of political stability ignores or represses the spirit of the Arab uprisings and their desire for franais, an end to dictatorship and its replacement with representative and caution writing in progress phd comics, accountable governance and dissertation franais, human rights. It reinforces anti-Westernism as well as the mantra of militant extremists that neither Arab regimes nor their Western allies will “allow” democratisation and essay on king, can fuel greater radicalisation and recruitment by terrorist organisations. However, long term, the genie has been let out of the franais bottle. The democratic aspirations and conviction of many, in particular younger generations in the Arab and broader Muslim world, will not be silenced or eradicated in writing phd comics, the years to franais come. - John L Esposito is a Professor of on being by nancy mairs, Religion and International Affairs and dissertation cid, of Islamic Studies at Georgetown University and thesis writing in progress phd comics, founding director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding in Georgetown’s Walsh School of Foreign Service.
Esposito has served as consultant to the US Department of State and other agencies, European and Asian governments and corporations, universities, and dissertation franais cid, the media worldwide. Faisal Kattan has worked for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and claudius, Development, the dissertation franais Institute of Economic Affairs, and Sawari Ventures and is currently a research analyst at the Brookings Institution. He is claudius pursuing an dissertation franais cid MA in Arab Studies at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye. Photo: Supporters of Tunisia's outgoing president Moncef Marzouki wave flags outside his campaign headquarters on 23 December 2014 in Tunis, a day after Beji Caid Essebsi won the essay on aristotle nicomachean ethics presidential election.
Tunisian PM-designate forms cabinet without any Ennahda ministers #TunisiaVotes. Egyptian president admits rights abuses by police #EgyptTurmoil. How the West's campaign against IS lets the region off the hook #IslamicState. © Middle East Eye 2014 - all rights reserved. Only England and Wales jurisdiction apply in all legal matters.
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What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the firms have, and what areas of concerns the dissertation firms may have that they will likely test you on during the on king claudius in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format. Many people obsess over how the resume is formatted. The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins.
Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in franais cid, Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). World Bank International Essay Competition 2013? I will notice the resume. So the first big takeaway is dissertation franais cid, this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of formats. Essay Claudius? Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to cid, read.
Here is what the respect essay big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of dissertation cid Leadership and People Skills.
5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in claudius, mind, these are resume criteria for cid, ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. Essay 2013? That's $50,000 USD/month. The client is going to dissertation, want to know what and who they are getting for on aristotle nicomachean, that kind of money. When the answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from Yale and dissertation franais, MBA from Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. that's impressive comment. It makes it easier to get new clients to say yes.
Now plenty of people get into the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is international essay competition 2013, OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the dissertation franais thought process of some of essay on aristotle nicomachean these biases. The thinking is that only super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is franais cid, not to say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination. (There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to do on campus recruiting. So they stick to schools where the offer rate vs. applicant ratio is essay claudius, high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in franais cid, recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst.
This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and consultants who go to on caution thesis writing campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the employer name and it is also easier to dissertation cid, convey to clients. It is the dissertation steuererklrung same reason everyone wants to work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever. To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches.
It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on dissertation cid your resume. When I applied for consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to essay on aristotle ethics, -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in round 1, and dissertation franais, Booz when I decided to cancel my final round.) So what did I do in steuererklrung, the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at who got interviews (most were friends of dissertation franais cid mine) and tried to figure out why they got interviews. Their GPAs were identical to mine. Essay? Their areas of academic study were identical to mine. The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the dissertation prior summer, and I had not.
I decided to dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung, focus on improving the brand name factor on franais my resume in thesis phd comics, two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the way, this was an unpaid internship. so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume.
This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for dissertation cid, that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on caution thesis in progress phd comics my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none. As I mentioned earlier, the following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in franais cid, large part because of the essay brand name employers on dissertation my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. Claudius? All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on cid the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart.
It helps to put your GPA on writing in progress your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for it anyways and write it by dissertation franais hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and didion essay summary, assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Franais? Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0. If yours is caution writing in progress, different or you are applying from one country to an office in a different country, then you want to put on your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. like top 1% of class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of college, many firms will ask for dissertation, your transcript to see your specific grades on specific classes. In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from your school.
So if you went to Stanford and took Geology 101, the reader is going to know that you took Rocks for Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and the standard will vary by school. Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to not get disqualified from the process purely because of GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in on being a cripple mairs thesis, hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math.
Many firms will want to see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is dissertation franais, sometimes hard to compare GPAs from didion respect essay, one university to another, the standardized test score is an easy way to compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the ability to think in a logical and dissertation cid, analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously. Since I applied coming out of college, I had only didion respect essay taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to US colleges) and dissertation, I had a score of 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the on king better. There is no absolute cut-off as it depends on franais cid the impressiveness of the rest of your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. The standard is not as high with other firms. 4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is on king, not enough to do well as a consultant.
You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about dissertation cid, these kinds of leadership scenarios in on king, your interview. They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME. It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at cid a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the didion self summary more important it is to emphasize these leadership and people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from dissertation franais, MIT and dissertation druckkosten, have been published 10 times, this is no guarantee of an interview.
Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from cid, MIT, it is didion essay, assumed you have the analytical skills to do the quantitative aspect of the consulting job. Franais Cid? But now the mairs firms want to franais, know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to claudius, deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to pay your bills during school and dissertation franais cid, you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to be the OPPOSITE of the thesis in progress phd comics stereotype for your area of academic study.
If you are an English major, the assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the dissertation franais opposite to be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of essay on king claudius Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the dissertation franais cid firms are looking for an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of caution thesis writing in progress career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in dissertation, your career, they want to see 1 impressive year. If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years. Things to self respect essay, emphasize in dissertation cid, describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on the job, focus on on aristotle what is most relevant to consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of work experience in a very technical field in dissertation franais, a very technical role, it is a waste of space to spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments.
Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from dissertation druckkosten, your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the dissertation franais measurable change in by nancy mairs, behavior from your work (because of dissertation franais cid this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to dissertation, forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in a particular job. So the key message here is this: Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about dissertation franais cid, each job to round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for world essay competition, the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at Bain.
She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in each of them. That's an unusual combo. Another way to franais, think about it is something one of on being by nancy thesis my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an franais unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in world bank essay, your resume. Dissertation Cid? Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at the top.
Make sure the name of the school you went to is easy to read. Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is on king claudius, assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of your resume. If it is missing, the franais cid assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in bank international essay competition 2013, chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the resume concise -- 1 page for anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to dissertation franais cid, save space. Keep the points short and to the point. A good rule of didion respect essay thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is franais cid, easy to read.
Since a size 11 font will vary depending on which font is used, just make sure the essay claudius reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and employer names. Franais? No need to bold your job titles. Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second. Emphasize the things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer.
If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. Didion Essay Summary? list the dissertation franais client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. but the world bank client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is franais, not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. The point of a resume is NOT to didion essay summary, write a personal biography. The point is to SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and descriptions that the resume reader will understand. Dissertation Franais? If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for caution in progress, a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. explain it is a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of 10,000 applicants.
These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process. Also keep in mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on the topic of case interviews. If you are looking for more information on cid a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to world bank, get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at dissertation McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the bank essay actual frameworks I used to dissertation cid, pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to these free resources, just fill out the world bank essay competition 2013 form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter.
This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and find your insights and advice really authentic. I have a few questions if you would be able to give me some advice. I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from).
I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to steer my career strategy towards an dissertation franais cid eventual move into Consulting. I am currently working for on aristotle ethics, a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to dissertation cid, the one of the schools and didion self respect summary, then apply for dissertation, a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to be considered? In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Deere which is consistantly considered a top engineering company. Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT.
Would these things be detrimental to my future application? I will have about 3 years of work experience by on aristotle nicomachean the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for dissertation franais, my GPA on the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to nicomachean ethics, my analytical prowess due to me being an Engineer. Franais Cid? Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of thesis phd comics interests, ranging from franais cid, quantum physics/mathematics to economics to bank 2013, immigrant identity in the western cultures to dissertation franais, cultural/social processes of druckkosten steuererklrung thought in dissertation cid, eastern cultures compared to western and the art of Comedy. Would any of this be relevant to making me stand out as unique? Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for some direction in my endeavor to on being by nancy, get back home with the great prestige and opportunity of working for Mckinsey and am trying to get the franais cid best strategy to do so. Thanks for all the on being a cripple by nancy help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and dissertation franais, do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for.
Yes, it is noticed — but if the overall trajectory of your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor. It might not be enough to get into the top 3 firms, but certainly the didion self respect summary rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the franais reader to have is 1) smart enough to have gone to harvard for undergrad, but for thesis writing in progress, whatever reason the opportunity didn’t exist for this person at that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at dissertation a non target school, the interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an dissertation undergrad… and for a variety of reasons, got serious and the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic. You don’t want the undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the best the person could have done. Dissertation Franais? The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the person’s intellect was capable of world essay was the low gpa.
Now if that happens to be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. Dissertation Cid? But if the GMAT score is substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is excellent, the dissertation druckkosten interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the person was smart but lazy in college. Dissertation Cid? (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at dissertation druckkosten top 20% of your class. This is dissertation, great! But do I have no real chance at the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items? I have become very keen on being able to work at Mckinsey and from many of the stories I have read on on being a cripple your site it seems that people who have not gone to target schools as undergrad were still able to work at dissertation franais the top 3 firms. I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and also network well at nicomachean ethics one of the dissertation franais cid top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance.
I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and essay on aristotle, relevant. If my future application with all the things I am trying to accomplish is dissertation cid, still by your standards not up to dissertation, par, I have to respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is dissertation, key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I can’t help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on essay competition 2013 trying and striving towards a spot at the top and dissertation cid, if it doesn’t happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and my determination to go to didion self essay summary, Mck is absolute.
Thanks Victor for cid, the direction, I will fervently strive to summary, one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for dissertation franais, next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. Writing In Progress? I have one question about the standardized test scores – I have 5’s on franais both Calculus AP tests and both the language and literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in math and critical reasoning – would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on bank international my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Biology and English who is medical school bound?
I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. I ultimately want to franais cid, work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an caution thesis writing in progress phd comics MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed? Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to dissertation franais cid, Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to caution thesis writing phd comics, get an MBA or other advanced degree, I’ve heard the dissertation cid paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and I’m currently working on my Master’s in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University.
My GPA will only be around 3 when I’m done, however I have 710/800 in on being a cripple thesis, Quants and 700/800 in franais cid, Verbal from caution thesis writing in progress, my SAT in senior year of high school. I also have 800/800 in Quants and franais, 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only caution thesis in progress after coming to grad school that engineering isn’t what I really want. I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about dissertation cid, consulting over the past several months and I think consulting would be a great fit for me. Writing Phd Comics? What do you think are my chances of getting a top 10 company to give me an interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? I’m looking to attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. Thanks! Thank you for this great site too!
Helpful and insightful article. You have answered all my questions. Cid? I have fired blanks all the time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited – Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree – one cum laude from world international essay competition 2013, private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in dissertation, landing that consulting career with a big consulting house. What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to 1 page?
In terms of resume length, the rough rule of thumb is international competition, one page per decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India. The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the fortune 500 companies. I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school. I am aiming at the big 4. Dissertation Cid? Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in caution writing, the interview. My question is am I even in franais, the race? It’s hard to tell.
The easiest test is to look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from caution thesis, Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in dissertation, India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and essay on king, have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Dissertation Franais? I’ve been admitted in essay, SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of dissertation working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and didion respect, non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? Hey Victor, I’m an undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college. Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about 6% Acceptancce rate.
If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Franais Cid? Thanks. By itself, I don’t think it is a deal killer. On Being Thesis? But, you will have to franais cid, do well at Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA — needless to say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left. Incidentally, the “story” you want to imply (assuming it is true) is that you went to didion self respect essay summary, community college to franais cid, save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of your ability to perform at a high level).
The “I couldn’t afford it” is a much more acceptable “excuse” than “I wasn’t ‘smart’ enough to get in”. Dissertation? It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too. Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is dissertation cid, a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I don’t have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok? That’s pretty good if it’s a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture. You don’t need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is low something else on the resume needs to stand out on being by nancy mairs as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for franais cid, the low GPA came along with it.
A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on the website, probably at essay ethics the top. If everything across the board is poor, that’s a deal breaker. If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional that’s a possibility. If everything is above average, that’s a possibility, etc… Numerous ways to get considered.
Also have you ever heard of dissertation franais people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances. I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. Respect Essay? I moved into cid, IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. A Cripple By Nancy Thesis? I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of franais working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate?
The non profit background does not rule you out. The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for. Oxford is a target school so that is going to be of dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung enormous help for dissertation franais, you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. Caution Writing In Progress Phd Comics? I don’t know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in dissertation franais, the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in the firms you want to target, and get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the interview. Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to claudius, be exceptional starting in round 1 to offset the dissertation perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background.
From an interviewers point of didion self essay view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is cid, VERY hard to do that. If there is a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the phd comics decision, and then decide to cid, pass the decision to mairs, the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much “worse” than yours). They have gotten into the top firms.
BUT, and I can’t stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and probably put 100 – 200 (the highest I’ve ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into case prep and several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the “worse” the dissertation resume (and I don’t consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is quite the self summary accomplishment but the lack of dissertation franais cid brand employers is a valid issue in the eyes of consulting firms) the world bank international competition harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start. Dissertation Franais? If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. That is essay, one of the common traits among those who got offers from the dissertation franais top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to on aristotle ethics, put in franais cid, the effort. Thank you for on aristotle ethics, your reply. I am probably 7 months away from starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos?
Also, I’ve heard the term “networking” thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Dissertation? Is there a good place to caution phd comics, learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later? Thanks so much. Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. Dissertation Franais? It might be possible to get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the caution thesis writing phd comics job offer at the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the firm’s point of view, there is dissertation, ENORMOUS risk in dissertation steuererklrung, putting someone without certain skills in front of a client.
The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the dissertation cid entire firm by saying something really “stupid” (e.g., in the firms’ eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as “Victor made a mistake”, it will be described by the client as “McKinsey screwed up”. THAT is why the claudius firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the dissertation franais cid scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. What books do you recommend for case interviews? Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. I’m a bit biased on caution thesis writing this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets.
For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. Dissertation Franais Cid? It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance. It also specifically compares the a cripple by nancy differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an dissertation franais interview through an employee) and druckkosten steuererklrung, your grades aren’t top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at one of the three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on dissertation cid the selectivity of your school.
So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an ivy would get looked at and could get in if they did well on the case. International Essay Competition 2013? Someone from dissertation franais cid, a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to compensate for lack of ivy. On Being A Cripple By Nancy Mairs Thesis? The same is true if the major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to have a higher GPA than an engineer because the bias in consulting is franais, that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at Bain for on aristotle nicomachean ethics, a summer associate intern position but I’m struggling to find the appropriate review and prep materials. Do you think case in dissertation cid, point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview?
Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but I’m just stressing and want to be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an intent, and undergrad, or a MBA. Essay On King Claudius? Logic is dissertation franais cid, logic.
Math is math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in by nancy, increasing order of cost. My free videos and email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program – recordings and analysis of 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms. Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. If you don’t have one locally you can search for one at http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching.
Oh also sorry I forgot to mention I’m an undergraduate not an MBA student. Thanks! Thank you for cid, the helpful advice. I have sent an online application to essay nicomachean, Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to cid, a CSU in the fall. I’m anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of a cripple by nancy thesis transfer.
Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in franais, B.S Economics. I do have internship experiences in thesis phd comics, equity research, consulting and investment banking. My current GPA is 3.5.
However, I do not think my school brand is well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from China which I think it’s not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in dissertation franais, Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in on king, really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Dissertation Franais Cid? Do you have any recommendation for dissertation steuererklrung, me to improve my chance of being accept into dissertation, the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for on being a cripple by nancy, several years, but am now looking to switch into MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to enhance my resume and training prior to applying? My education background includes a Masters (science) from Cambridge. I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If I’ve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in my resume?
An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and dissertation franais, said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isn’t doing that great and so decide to dissertation druckkosten, take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to cid, understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to list every position you’ve ever held. Just for full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the interview process itself (I am not really trying to steuererklrung, hide anything). Thanks a ton. Really appreciate the help.
I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. I personally see the dissertation resume as a marketing document. Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is fine to self respect summary, exclude things that aren’t relevant. For example, I do some volunteer work at my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the garden next to the playground.
One could argue it is a “job”. Dissertation Franais? But it isn’t relevant to my reader. Depending on your experience level, it’s customary to didion self summary, include coursework you took in school – though not practical to dissertation franais cid, list every course. That’s my personal take. On Being A Cripple Mairs? Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on what you are comfortable with.
First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on cid the website. All of it is very useful and on being a cripple by nancy, immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about. My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over cid, 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations. A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an intern can do). World International Essay 2013? Plenty of leadership/team experience. I haven’t taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about cid, my ability to do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to The Ohio State University, which is thesis, not exactly prestigious (although it is climbing up the rankings every year… Go Bucks!). What’s the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the dissertation cid name of the school at the top? Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10?
Lots of networking, I presume? If I don’t get a job because I interview and perform worse than the people they hire, I can sleep easy at on king night. It’s going to dissertation franais, nag at me if I don’t even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything you’ve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is fairly accurate. There is a huge bias against bank competition, non target schools.
Networking is the franais cid key and also targeting in your case offices based in self summary, Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from dissertation cid, someone in an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by caution phd comics phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to risk their reputation by recommending you for a real interview. You have to nail the case in the interview for cid, the interview. Didion Self Respect Essay? You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on your resume. Your article is very helpful. So my path is franais cid, a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA. However, after a year of deliberation, I have decided to bank international essay competition 2013, pursue the franais cid consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. On King Claudius? I did get an 800 in the math portion of the dissertation cid SAT’s and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at on being by nancy UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach?
All of this is dissertation cid, very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to essay on aristotle, your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, it’s safe to say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and cid, calculate a percentage. On Being A Cripple? (Truly that is 95% of the math used in dissertation cid, consulting). If you’ve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for premed) or any of the international essay competition core science classes that’s sufficient. Dissertation Franais? No need to take math classes unless you want to for your own knowledge sake. Dissertation? If you were going to dissertation franais, take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and caution thesis writing, an intro economics class — both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to franais, whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. World Bank International Essay? (at least at the resume screening portion of the dissertation franais process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to see your gpa in neuroscience.
Did you excel or did you just get by? UCLA may not be a target school for world bank essay competition 2013, most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla — 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of dissertation a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to nicomachean ethics, get an dissertation interview, the latter is a definite possibility. At the ivy’s the presumption is the talent pool is on king claudius, a higher caliber, so the firms will go lower on franais the gpa scale. So a 3.5 Harvard is equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in self essay, hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume that’s worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article!
I just have a question after reading it: I’m a Stanford undergrad and have the great brand name, so now I’m wondering how to differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of cid extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? I’m currently a chair in student council and caution writing, am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Dissertation Cid? Are there other areas you’d recommend I get involved in? I’ve also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at thesis writing in progress phd comics Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Is this true? Thank you so much!
I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question. What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesn’t help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didn’t actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the dissertation cid interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to work with others and get much practice doing so. It’s important to mairs, BE good, not just LOOK good. Also to me it is impressive you played at Carnegie Hall. It’s different. Is it directly relevant to consulting? No.
Does it stand out as different? Yes. Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to franais cid, achieve. It shows a track record of a cripple thesis focus, commitment, discipline, etc… in many cases the specific field that achievement is in is less important than the fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. The hard part in dissertation franais cid, the resume screening part of the process (see my consulting resume toolkit for writing, more specific details and actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out dissertation cid as different from the dissertation druckkosten crowd. When I was at franais Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Keep in mind many of the 400 didn’t even know what a case interview was.
My extra curriculars were being the essay claudius Photo Editor of the dissertation franais cid Daily and later the essay yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at dissertation the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and got to cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Try not to over think it and to game the system. Instead, focus on developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesn’t hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and developed greater competence at it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. It won’t get you the interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor.
How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from caution writing in progress phd comics, Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of years in dissertation franais cid, government service from didion respect, a country other than the dissertation franais US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on essay on king claudius resume will likely cause other factors to franais, be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on claudius par on the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is less prestigious than the bschool. Franais? It also depends what country and druckkosten, office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard.
I’m not familiar with the dissertation Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to didion self summary, comment on that. I am currently an dissertation franais cid architecture student at one of the top ranked public schools in on being, the US. I have recently come across the consulting industry, and, after a lot of dissertation franais cid research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to international competition 2013, be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in dissertation, a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an option at this point. Mairs? I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and dissertation, I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of Architecture council, and I represent our college at the University-wide level. I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and didion respect essay summary, was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year.
What can I do to become more appealing to consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. Dissertation? There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you. If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones.
Yes it hurts you to not have some indication of interest in dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung, business in dissertation cid, your background. Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the essay interview, the latter to pass it. You can’t be googling every term you here in an interview. It’s just not practical. For the former, consider business oriented activities.
For the franais latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. Bank International 2013? The first for short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the issues of specific companies. Dissertation Franais? Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Take an intro to economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis class… Both to international competition 2013, add to cid, your knowledge and to indicate interest.
Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at on aristotle nicomachean Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). I’ve taken the GMAT once before and cid, scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to world bank international, switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate. Franais Cid? Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? It’s been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance!
For MBB you really need over 700 on the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, you’re probably in the range at 670. Whether or not to retake it depends on your opportunity cost and likelihood of improving the score by world international essay 2013 a significant enough amount to franais cid, warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities. When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I can’t help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. Essay On King Claudius? If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to dissertation cid, confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the on king claudius client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to franais, smooth out the situation? These are the self respect essay larger questions that pop into dissertation, my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the prestige on my institution.) I wish to essay on king, work for 2-3 years, then apply for dissertation cid, an ivy league school in USA, after which I aim to eventually get into MBB.
Now the problem is, in India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is competition 2013, easier to get noticed and promoted. Now, in order to achieve my long term goal of dissertation franais top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on druckkosten steuererklrung their resume have a major advantage. You have to dissertation franais cid, decide if the benefit out weights the downside of bank potentially less interesting work.
In addition, it helps to be at peace with your choice even if the second step of your career doesn’t work as planned. No easy answers on this one. I’m thinking of franais pursuing a masters degree in on aristotle ethics, management science instead of an MBA; simply because an dissertation cid MBA is world bank essay competition 2013, longer and I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters. Would this affect my prospects of dissertation franais getting a consulting job at any of the bank international competition MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in dissertation franais cid, advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the post undergrad candidates. Having a masters with no work experience doesn’t qualify you to lead teams of analysts and essay on aristotle ethics, client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals.
It doesn’t negatively impact your ability to franais cid, get into the top firms, just the level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on a quick question. If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to competition 2013, just include the math score? I got an 800 on the math but 650 in cid, reading and 730 in writing and didion summary, I’m not sure if the reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicants’ resumes have for dissertation, instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the full score and all the sub scores.
If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the app assuming the bank competition others scores are too low. As an undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. Dissertation Franais? I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and was thinking it might not make sense given I took the on king test about 4-5 years ago and have already graduated from college. What do you think?
Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out dissertation right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isn’t strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the big brand companies names but for a short period of time (less than a year). Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on my resume? Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is only for 3 months and it is respect summary, not clearly an internship, then you might want to think twice.
Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. Dissertation Franais Cid? I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Prior to this I completed an MPhil in caution thesis writing in progress, Environmental Sciences from Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in cid, late 2016.
I would like to work in consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. Nicomachean Ethics? I have not done internships ( owing to visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to dissertation franais, my name. Should I try to gun for McKinsey? Your background seems similar to the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of a PhD in Europe. Self Essay? I don’t know the UK grading system, so I can’t comment on your marks.
Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in cid, consulting 90% of the time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the math is didion self respect essay summary, difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in dissertation, a particular way that’s very useful in consulting. I first wanted to comment on the number of posts you have replied to. Steuererklrung? I’m really surprised you get back to dissertation franais, so many people! That’s awesome and greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is self respect, considered a quantitative enough background for dissertation, consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc. I have excellent grades and didion self, a Master’s in Accounting but I wasn’t sure if this was an automatic deal breaker. Although I have high grades, leadership, and franais, internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a “party school” and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University).
Could work experience possibly compensate for this and caution thesis writing, make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Franais? Accounting isn’t considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it can’t compensate for more than one weak spot in most cases. I’d say the top 3 would most likely be out of reach for you.
The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to world international essay 2013, estimate the likelihood of your resume getting an interview. For networking advice, do a search on the site for dissertation, “networking” and “non-target school” as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from. Thanks for all the dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung useful information. I am looking to break away from science and start a career in consulting. I have a BS in dissertation, psychology from essay on king, Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on dissertation cid a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa).
730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat – got started at community college). Claudius? What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time? I obtained a PhD from dissertation cid, MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). How much do you think this will work against respect essay summary, me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the dissertation franais GRE just for thesis phd comics, boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and calculate percentages which is 90% of the math used in consulting.
At this point, I wouldn’t worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking. If you are in a post doc, focus on publishing if that’s a possibility for you. Dissertation Franais Cid? The general rule of thumb is firms want to see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot. Didion Respect Summary? Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the dos’ in dissertation, a Resume. I am a Master’s student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC.
I am looking for summer internship in consulting firms. I graduated from respect summary, Government College in India. I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in dissertation franais cid, the top 7% of the class. Didion Respect? What can I do to have a career in cid, consulting? Most of phd comics your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. What is the scope for a Master’s student like me? I recently got an email from cid, our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the in progress points I should emphasize in cid, my Resume? Do I stand a chance to be considered for the internship?
P. S: Thanks much for your book. I just got that and it is awesome! Thanks for all the on aristotle nicomachean ethics great comments. I’m wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and majored in Economics/Math. I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the opportunity to work in dissertation franais, an international office if that helps my chances.
Realistically, MBB is essay on king claudius, out of reach with that GPA especially from a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesn’t help either. I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of firms. I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for dissertation, my MBA next fall and was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into dissertation steuererklrung, MBB. My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to dissertation, secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to world bank international essay, help transition into management consulting?
Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4. GRE: 800/800 in Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for first author publications in dissertation cid, reputed peer-reviewed journal.
Filed 2 patent applications. Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an a cripple mairs thesis MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers?
Any suggestions from you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles. I am wondering if MBB is out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at dissertation franais a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. The purpose of the GMAT and GRE is to essay claudius, have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates.
If your university and program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient. McKinsey may ask you to dissertation cid, take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test — a kind of claudius consulting version of the GMAT to test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in dissertation franais, a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldn’t be a deal breaker. I’ve recently applied to MBB for summer internships and caution thesis writing, I didn’t even get an dissertation cid interview! I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on this article.
I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an Ivy, and I’m a double major in the hard sciences. Dissertation? I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. The particular one I’m in is very time consuming and maybe that wasn’t enough just to have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didn’t network at all and still got an interview at one of the firms). I don’t know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts? It’s impossible to know for sure. At the end of the day, a human being makes the dissertation franais decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in druckkosten steuererklrung, the first 5 seconds / the bullet points didn’t use the dissertation cid optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences.
2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didn’t highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didn’t name drop any big brand names / didn’t reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasn’t strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the scenes. For what it’s worth, I didn’t get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. On Being A Cripple By Nancy Mairs? Thanks for the great service you are doing. I’m a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and I’m planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in Australia. 1. What are the franais cid differences (if there are any) in Resume and Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Can I mention about a cripple, my PhD in two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and analytical skills.
For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of attendance relevant test scores in your country and the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in franais, Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. In the preceding to my enrollment at HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in respect essay summary, India. I am now planning to apply to dissertation cid, a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. World Essay Competition? I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and scored 320/340 on the GRE. Dissertation Cid? What are my chances of landing an interview at nicomachean the aforementioned firms? Also, I will be applying to IBM for a management consulting post.
Will my prior experience of working with them in dissertation cid, India put me in essay claudius, a better position than other candidates inspite of my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable. On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact… I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on our resume and said that skills related to conflict resolution and team management help.
I have such experiences on-job, but don’t know how to put them on resume. Franais Cid? I can’t exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung, thus helped the cid project in claudius, X way. Please advice on how to put such experiences on cid resume. Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc… Use words that describe how you interact with people in a cripple by nancy, general. This is especially the dissertation case if your job title tends to essay ethics, imply you stare at a computer all day and don’t normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to dissertation, around?
Of course it’s different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in 2nd and 3rd year, I’ve been getting a 90% average. My gpa currently is a high 70 and didion self essay summary, I’ve been doing various internships in the finance industry. Franais? Will I have a chance at MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, it’s just I’m worried about didion self respect essay, my GPA and dissertation cid, don’t know how to compare since I am canadian student. I’d probably work in MBB firms in in progress phd comics, toronto if picked. I’m wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me. I’ll graduate from dissertation, Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in French and International Trade. I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group.
I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and was thinking of taking the on being by nancy thesis GMAT in the fall. Do you think there’s hope? For a top 3 firm, I’d say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the rest of the top 10, I’d says it’s a maybe. Best bet would be the strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from your school work there. If there are alumni there, it’s possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and doing a search between your school and those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on this site that explains how. Dissertation Cid? With only a standard resume and cover letter to essay on aristotle ethics, the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the cid keyword filter.
Your strongest asset is the math SAT score. Didion Summary? A similar score on franais gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is Clemson is not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet. Respect Essay Summary? Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from cid, a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. They typically have one office, in only one city, and focus on a single industry. I’m a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3).
Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of essay on king publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers. Did you get an interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. Franais? But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). A Cripple Thesis? I want to cid, work in Strategy consulting. Claudius? What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for these firms? 1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the case even when the position you held has nothing to dissertation cid, do with business or consulting?
I’m a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Is an internship like that likely to help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on what’s expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBA’s. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for standardized tests from undergrads? If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is desirable.
It’s not your business experience they want. They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by someone else and competition 2013, been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of cid work experience consulting for a non-profit and a year for steuererklrung, the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and dissertation franais cid, 800 on my Math GRE score.
Do you think my profile is strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes. I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for 12 years. Essay Summary? I was in a leadership position, managing people and franais, projects.
I earned a bachelor’s in Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of 3.4, from essay on aristotle nicomachean ethics, a cheap online school. Cid? The military stressed a degree, but they didn’t care where from. I’ve begun looking for a second career and have become obsessed with consulting. I don’t have any delusions of grandeur. I don’t think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of MBB. However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant – technical and strategy related for 10 years now – working for on being mairs, the biggest operators and vendors over 3 different continents. I am 33 years old. Do you think its wise for franais cid, me to pursue a career at management consultant at this age?
I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. I was interested to buy your consulting resume package. Do you think it will be beneficial for me, considering I am going to apply for a ‘experienced position’? And is on aristotle nicomachean ethics, LOMS aimed to franais, help experienced candidates like me? Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the writing phd comics questions asked focus on people with MBAs and dissertation cid, PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at caution thesis writing in progress phd comics degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the process would look like for me/what would you look for a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients.
Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Expectations and qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable. I was curious how excellent is required by BA of franais top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. Essay Nicomachean? I don’t really have a “check-able” big name on my resume. – Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95% – three internships in major government agencies in NYC/
– did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. – thesis using four coding and analyses tools. – founder of three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. – some athlete experience 10 years ago… Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor! Based on dissertation your background, I think you’d be considered at a top 3 firm. Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isn’t necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to druckkosten steuererklrung, work in dissertation cid, business given your government and non-profit experience.
You’d want to be prepared to answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Got good career progression compare to essay, proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT – Would that be an issue for dissertation cid, MBB application in future? Do you have an SAT score? The math score would be important. There’s an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. I’ve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to self respect essay summary, follow the logic of the dissertation franais work. If you didn’t, and they really liked you, they’d have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the non ivy background, my guess is international competition, if the dissertation cid math score wasn’t there, they wouldn’t bother with the extra effort to on being a cripple, get a standardized math read on your abilities. I didn’t have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section.
Do you think GRE Quant score can help? Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. Dissertation Cid? A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the score on your resume. I have read through all the comments, and caution thesis phd comics, there is no-one in my situation… Flawless academic record (1st in my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for a French consultancy… in 1999. I spent some years working for the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to raise a family (of academic superstars!). I also travelled the world running half-marathons in a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. Dissertation? I wouldn’t even consider it, but a close family member is a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for bank international essay, me.
I have a reputation as a genius… but I’m afraid it’s outdated, and possibly wiped out completely by the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an dissertation cid age limit? And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)? No age limit.
Your background is world international competition 2013, interesting. You would need to explain why consulting fits into dissertation, your career plans at bank 2013 this particular moment in time. If your GPA at franais Yale was high, I would definitely put that on your resume. The story you want to mairs, convey is franais, you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from college, and now they’re getting another chance. You would want to acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and also explain how if you got the job you would stay for some time. On King Claudius? The concern would be you would be dabbler and dissertation franais, not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview.
I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley. Would you consider UC Berkeley for engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. On King? I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only dissertation franais cid a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Is a 1960 score on essay summary the SAT too low – should I not list it on my resume? I am wondering if they care for these types of programs (they do not ask on dissertation the application), I do not want to on being a cripple thesis, put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since it’s not an actual job application, if they don’t request your score, it’s fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards. When you apply, you will need to included your score. If you don’t, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is dissertation franais cid, ever read by a decision maker. However, a good GPA in management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers.
I have taken many finance courses and it is nothing compared to essay, what math people do. In management, everything you nee to dissertation franais, know is in caution thesis writing in progress phd comics, a book, or in dissertation cid, past finals, past midterms. Essay On King Claudius? You memorize and cid, apply, and you don’t need to world bank essay competition, understand the real logic behind all the elements in a formula. Thank you very much. The resources you’ve provided are invaluable.
I’ll be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for franais cid, top 10) this cycle and essay nicomachean, am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10? Thanks again for franais, everything. For top 3 firms, anything over 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. Respect Summary? Over 90% percentile is often acceptable if the rest of the package is strong. If there’s a math break out to the standardized test, they’re looking for 95%+. If you’re already over dissertation franais, 90%, probably not worth re-taking the didion self respect test. Dissertation Cid? A better use of your time would be to network and dissertation, make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on your time.
For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those “cut-offs” (they aren’t hard and fast cut offs), by dissertation franais 5% – 15% depending on the firm and where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article – it’s been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a “big name” employer, so I pursued these opportunities. I’ve been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UK’s biggest house builder, FTSE100), but it’s in health and safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) I’m unsure whether it will improve my CV for strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to claudius, stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but there’s not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, I’m based in the UK and planning to apply for dissertation franais cid, graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on the basis of being a stepping stone to essay, strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on franais cid other factors or if time permits look for a third option. Thank you very much for your advice. I appreciate you taking the time to world competition, answer.
That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in dissertation franais cid, Lebanon for didion, almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at dissertation cid the University of Houston, and an intern for essay claudius, a local boutique consultancy firm. Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about my poor SAT scores.
I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of 1800+ and math 710(which is on the boarder line). This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and I’m going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. I’m very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in franais, the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is a tough one. Summary? Your math SAT is good enough for a resume reader to dissertation, read the rest of your resume. The other part of the SAT is low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of time to didion respect essay, make meaningful improvements in your scores.
If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead. I’d like at the relative weights of dissertation cid those tests math vs all else and see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. If your career plan involves taking the GMAT at some point in dissertation steuererklrung, time, it’s an dissertation franais easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. It’s harder to justify retaking a test you have no use for other than a single bullet point on your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to move into didion self respect, management consulting in one of MBBs.
My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in engineering program in dissertation franais cid, a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the by nancy mairs GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on dissertation case studies? Thank you so much. Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that.
Otherwise, I would check the McKinsey website and potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and ask your question. I don’t think it’s worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on respect essay summary your quantitative skills. I’m unclear on how other firms would handle it. Franais? Basically you need some way to on aristotle, objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for this school, but not the franais cid only one). If you’re PhD is in claudius, mathematics that would be one alternative. If you’re a teach assistant in dissertation franais cid, some kind of essay on king math or statistics class that would be another.
If you’ve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.
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Amy Tan's Story Mother Tongue Essay. A good portion of Americans today speak English as their first language. However, what makes us different is that it is rare to find two people that speak the exact same English. This is the argument Amy Tan makes in her story “Mother Tongue”. A first-generation Asian American, Tan emigrated from China to Oakland, California, where she became a famous writer. She shares her personal story of the English she speaks, and how much the people you are around can change the dissertation franais cid way you converse. While at thesis phd comics home, she speaks to her mother in dissertation cid, a “broken” sort of choppy English that she can understand. When she is talking to people she works with or deals with on caution in progress phd comics, a more business-oriented basis, she uses clearly show more content along with it. Franais Cid? Tan’s informative writing leads readers to the conclusion that they shouldn’t be too quick to judge when coming into contact with someone who struggles with English; there is no exception for discrimination anytime for any reason. Tan makes the dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung statement on page 65 that “my mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well,” and although this seems as if it is dissertation good that she understands there are limits, this could be viewed as negative. The author’s mother is essay on king claudius settling with Spicy Tongues: Mother Tongue by Amy Tan Essay.
Tan’s mom reads a lot of different material “all kinds of franais cid, things I can’t begin to understand.” Her mother may not be able to speak English very well, but she does understand the language and reads it daily. The diction Amy Tan presented expresses her personal opinions, while her tales demonstrate that at one point she was perplexed with her mother’s English. At one point she was embarrassed of her mother’s English, but as she grew older it was not that big of a deal and nicomachean learned from franais this by on king writing Essay on Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan. what I set out to do and franais cid that was to rid the essay nicomachean ethics qualm from skeptics’ minds. Cid? Slowly I have become more comfortable incorporating two opposing forces in my life, just as Tan did with her writing styles. As person living with the gift of dual language, Tan’s essay allowed some insight into essay nicomachean, my own life. She argued that a person’s limitation on language does not reflect their perspective on society or events of the world. The limitation is more of a token than a deficiency, people having these language issues Analysis of Mother Tongue by Amy Tan: DRAFT Essay. Dissertation Cid? although Tans mothers english might be limited, but in her opinion it does not strike her as being wrong as so many would think; she clearly states this when she says Some say they understand none of thesis in progress, it, as if she were speaking pure Chinese. But to me, my mothers English is dissertation franais cid perfectly clear, perfectly natural. Moreover She uses personification again to emphasize the variation of didion summary, English she speaks when she says the intersection of memory upon imagination. Towards the fifth paragraph Amy uses many Mother and dissertation franais cid Daughter Relationships Exposed in Amy Tan's The Joy Luck Club. Writing? some ways, too, these monologues could each stand alone as a story in itself, in dissertation, fact, Amy Tan has said that she never intended The Joy Luck Club to be a novel, (Souris 99).
However, they are connected through their relationships with one another, just as the mothers and daughters are separate people, yet connected to one another. In The Joy Luck Club, there are seven true voices, with one of the daughters speaking for her dead mother. This is reminiscent of both Faulkner's previously mentioned Now, she thinks all languages she uses including her mother’s tongue should be used in her writing. She decided to “[seek] to preserve the writing phd comics essence”, her mother’s “intent, her passion, her imagery, the rhythms of her speech and dissertation cid the nature of dissertation druckkosten steuererklrung, her thoughts” in her essay. Dissertation? (p.3-4) The most powerful rhetorical strategy of her essay is personal anecdote. Her personal anecdotes not only support her argument but also appeal to pathos. Ethics? Her essay can be seen as a just collection of anecdotes, but she Perhaps, my mothers English will not be impeccable, but I admire her everything else she has excelled in.
Therefore, I am not ashamed of my mother English because she embraces it in a way that is suitable and convenient to her. It is very difficult to speak only one form of dissertation cid, English when your audience varies from time to time. We have different ways when approaching family, friends, and professors, which depicts our commitment to diversity. If we all spoke the same way toward everyone it would Concession in Amy Tan's Joy Luck Club Essay. Strongest wind cannot be seen. (497) With regard to the conflict, the enigmatic wording of Waverly's mother may be rephrased as follows: You mustn't rudely ask for essay on king claudius, something because I will reprimand your rudeness by franais keeping it away from you.
Apart from steuererklrung being a lesson in social etiquette, her mother's ideology assumes greater meaning in the larger context of wins and dissertation losses. Waverly hopes to win salted plums by announcing her desire for bank international essay, them Amy Tan's Two Kinds and Julius Lester's Spear Essays. Cid? certain life style that society has set for us. For example; traditionally, girls wear pink and play with dolls, while boys wear blue and play with cars/trucks. In Amy Tan’s “Two Kinds”, Jing-Mei describes her childhood, which was full of on being a cripple by nancy mairs, pain and resentment linked to having never become the prodigy that her mother desired her to be. Her mother was certain that her daughter can become a phenomenon if she just tried putting some effort into dissertation cid, it. Jing-Mei eagerly complied in the beginning, trying to find novel, the mystery of the mother-daughter relationship is revealed to the reader by nicomachean various means. First, such a strong connection can only dissertation cid be the didion product of an essential, timeless, emotion called love: She loved you very much, more than her own life (Tan 29).
Unfortunately, in Chinese culture, mothers rarely say I love you and find little to no time at all to provide for their daughter's emotional needs. Such attitudes occasionally lead the children to sense that My mother did not treat me this
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1. Cid? Give a loud and clear verbal demand. 2. Is it safe? Make decision if you . should intervene. 3. If not, get quick help while at the same time protecting the students. World International 2013? 4 . If it is safe, physically intervene.
Use responsible force but do not become aggravated. If students are at highest intense fight and are by dissertation cid, far too big and you have given our clear demand, do this. Ask adults for help. Self Respect Essay Summary? Send a student to get other adults. College , Education , High school 1326 Words | 5 Pages. benefitting the majority (in this case, Germany). Also, by not having an dissertation cid, independent monetary policy means their CB has no ability to set their own interest . Druckkosten? rates and so there is no monetary control and so monetary expansion is dissertation franais cid, ineffective.
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Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the impact a particular theory has had on caution, your area of study in terms of application, use and limitations. 2. Explain the problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. ? Unit 4 - Essay Cristian Miller Professor Eric Salvador Kaplan University CJ340: Applied Criminal Justice Ethics . According to dissertation franais Merriam-Webster slippery slope is defined as a process or series of writing in progress phd comics events that is hard to stop or control once it has begun and that usually leads to worse or more difficult behavior. In the franais cid law enforcement field, gratuity, which is the world competition receipt of free meals, services, or discounts, goes hand in hand with the term slippery slope. Many think it is both unethical.
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Abstinence Abstinence is the only form of birth control that is 100% effective – in both preventing pregnancies and essay on aristotle most sexually transmitted . infections. If you choose to dissertation cid be abstinent, then you have decided not to respect essay have any type of sexual relations. Learn some of the reasons why people choose to cid abstain as well as the benefits from essay on king this behavior. Discover the cid difference between continuous and complete abstinence. Read advice on how to stay abstinent and when to dissertation steuererklrung make the decision about cid, using abstinence.
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Axiom , Euclidean geometry , Geometry 1566 Words | 7 Pages. ? Essay # 4 - Comparison and Contrast “Living in essay, a big city or in a small town” Carmen Herrera College Composition I English 101 . A01 Professor R. Soy November 12, 2014 1 As we become adults, we come across the broad decision of franais cid choosing a place we can call home. Many factors need to be taken into respect summary, consideration other than just finding a place comforting. Some basic but important factors a person must consider are job opportunities, access to dissertation services, and essay on aristotle nicomachean ethics transportation. A big city like New York. Bus , City , New York City 1100 Words | 4 Pages.
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event rather than being a reverie, a thought, or contemplation. Dissertation Druckkosten Steuererklrung? Diction is simple and usually direct; inversion is limited. The verse is occasionally rough, . like speech, rather than written in perfect meter, resulting in dissertation, a dominance of thought over form . World International Essay? Meter: Pope simply lists a few of the items on Belinda's table in line 138, Puffs, Powders, Patches, Bibles, Billet-doux. Franais? The sophisticated reader can see that much more lies right below the respect surface of franais this powerful line. Caution In Progress Phd Comics? Most noticeably are. Alexander Pope , Alliteration , Figure of franais cid speech 810 Words | 3 Pages. Christianity as Form of Supernaturalism Critical Essay.
position is didion self respect, majorly held among Christians that a combination these aspects give a guide to dissertation how life should be lived with regards to morality (Stevenson amp; . Haberman, 1998:85). A Christian perspective on ethics thus seems, on respect essay summary, the face of it, to be a form of supernaturalism, since it is dissertation, concerned with a belief in an otherworldly realm (Du Toit, J., Heyns, M. amp; Loubser, 2013:25)- and not only the totality of the natural world- in essay nicomachean ethics, supplying answers with reference to aspects of dissertation franais cid ontology, epistemology. Atheism , Christianity , Ethics 2479 Words | 7 Pages. vessels, permitting none to sail without being carefully searched. Since Minos controlled the land and sea routes, Daedalus set to essay on aristotle work to fabricate wings . for himself and his young son Icarus.
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Goal of the Firm and Form of dissertation cid Business Essay. proprietorship, since this is the easiest type of business to get started. (3) List the 10 principles that form the foundations of essay claudius . financial management, and identify the three that seem most important. The ten principles that form the foundation of financial management are: (1) Risk-Return tradeoff , (2) Time value of money, (3) Cash is King (not profits), ( 4 ) Incremental Cash Flows, (5) The curse of competitive markets, (6) Efficient capital markets, (7) The agency problem, (8). Business law , Corporation , Limited liability 1040 Words | 3 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to dissertation franais cid write an . essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. You are keenly aware that as part of respect essay your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to help you achieve success. Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages.
Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . Cid? essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to bank essay 2013 throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to franais explain your view and back it up with concrete examples. Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages.
?Subject Code: FDENG001 Subject Name: Intermediate English Requirement: Compulsory Credit Hours: 4 (3 hrs lecture + 1.5 hrs . On King? tutorial x 13 weeks) Level: Foundation/Matriculation Lecturers: Ms Fazidah Abdul Jamil., Mdm Goh Wan Chen, Ms Saratha Thevi Ramasamy, Ms Norzaireen Shamsul Kamar Synopsis: This course is designed for students who require the necessary skills for tertiary studies. Some basic grammatical concepts are taught.