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C Homework Help l Assignment l Project in C. Congratulations on passing with flying colors, if that#8217;s what you want then we can make sure achieve it. College Essay Statement! This is an example on on advertising criticisms, C programming assignment help. We can custom design the solutions to match your skill level (either advanced, intermediate or basic), just let us know if you need us for C programming project help. For this project, you will be writing a program to compute the score for a tennis game between two teams A and B. Your program should read, from standard input, a sequence of essay statement, characters indicating the winner of each individual point, and print to standard output the current score at various points during the essays criticisms, game. Note : although it has been released in statement Week 2, we recommended that you begin this assignment in Week 3, because some of the material covered in Week 3 (functions and arrays) will be very useful in helping you to reviewing your dissertation structure your program appropriately. A tennis match is divided into #8220;sets#8221;, #8220;games#8221; and #8220;points#8221;. Full details of the tennis scoring system can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennis_score . To win a game, one team must score at least four points and at least two points more than the other team has scored during that game. For historical reasons, scores within a game are reported according to essay the following convention, where the book report, number of points won by the serving team is shown on the left hand side, those of the receiving team along the college statement, top row: Once both teams have three or more points, the report, score is reported as: #8220;Deuce#8221; if the two teams have won the same number of points #8220;Advantage Server#8221; if the serving team is ahead by one point #8220;Advantage Receiver#8221; if the college essay, receiving team is ahead by one point.
To win a set, one team must win at least 6 games, and at least 2 games more that the bressay, other team has won during that game. To win the match, one team must win at least 3 sets. Note : We will follow the rules used at Wimbledon, where a tie-break is never played in the 5th set. If the 5th set goes to a score of 6-6, normal games continue to be played until one team has a 2-game lead. Unless attempting the #8220;Bonus#8221; section, you can assume that the first four sets in college the match will never go to a score of 6-6, so you do not have to worry about essays on advertising, tie-breaks. If Team A serves for the first game, then Team B will serve for the second game, and statement, the serve will continue to alternate between the two teams for the rest of the match, without regard to sets; in other words, if Team A serves for the last game of tagore, one set, then Team B will serve for the first game of the following set.
The input to essay your program will be a series of characters A, B and S, with line breaks at appropriate intervals. The character A indicates a point won by Team A; B indicates a point won by Team B. The character S indicates that your program should print the score at essay rabindranath tagore 750 words, that point in college statement the match, in dissertation the following format: The first line indicates which team is about to college statement serve (A or B); the essay rabindranath tagore, second line indicates the score for college essay all completed sets as well as the current set, and the third line indicates the score within the current game (from the perspective of the serving team). For each set, the number of games won by the serving team should be printed first, followed by a dash, followed by the number of games won by on advertising criticisms, the receiving team. When your program detects that the match is finished, it should print the final score in this format: The final score is college, a list of the scores for each set, with the score of the match-winning team printed first. History Paper! The program should then terminate (without considering any further input). For example, if the input to your program is BSAAAABBBS, the college essay, output should look like this: This indicates that, when the first S instruction is essays on advertising, processed, no sets or games have been won by either team, and Team B (who are receiving) have scored one point in the first game. When the second S is processed, Team A has won one game, and college statement, Team B (who are now serving) have scored three points in shetland the second game. Note that a blank line should be printed under each score. For all your C programming homework help, we will help with C programming homework solutions to your C programming problems. You are given a system with 4 types of resources: A, B, C, and D. Some of college, these resources are allocated to the giver book report processes and you only have no A, 1 B, 1 C, and no D left to allocate. You have 5 processes in the system that hold the following resources: The operating system has been collecting resource requests from the processes.
The current set of requests are: Based on the results of the banker#8217;s algorithm, should the operating system grant all of the requests whether all at once or one at college essay, a time? Justify your answer. The operating system cannot grant all of the requests since the resources are inadequate. However, assuming a process will release all granted resources once it has finished utilizing the resources granted according to its request (the assumption of banker#8217;s algorithm), the operating system cannot grant resources for all processes. Bridge! Following banker#8217;s algorithm, P3, P0 and P4 can be granted resources but P1 and P2 cannot. Here is the explanation.
We use tuples (A, B, C, D) to represent the numbers of resources of college statement, each type. Currently, it is (0, 1, 1, 0). (1) P3 requires (0, 1, 0, 0), which can be satisfied and results in on advertising criticisms (0, 1, 1, 0) – (0, 1, 0, 0) = (0, 0, 1, 0) resource left. Now P3 has (1, 0, 0, 0) + (0, 1, 0, 0) = (1, 1, 0, 0) resources; After P3 release all, the college essay, operating system has (0, 0, 1, 0) + (1, 1, 0, 0) = (1, 1, 1, 0) resource. (2) P0 requires (1, 0, 1, 0), which can be satisfied and results in (1, 1, 1, 0) – (1, 0, 1, 0) = (0, 1, 0, 0) resource left. Now P0 has (0, 1, 1, 1) + (1, 0, 1, 0) = (1, 1, 2, 1) resources; After P0 release all, the operating system has (0, 1, 0, 0) + (1, 1, 2, 1) = (1, 2, 2, 1) resource. (3) P4 requires (0, 0, 2, 1), which can be satisfied and results in (1, 2, 2, 1) – (0, 0, 2, 1) = (1, 2, 0, 0) resource left. Now P4 has (0, 0, 2, 1) + (0, 0, 2, 1) = (0, 0, 4, 2) resources; After P4 release all, the european research ideas, operating system has (1, 2, 0, 0) + (0, 0, 4, 2) = (1, 2, 4, 2) resource. College Essay Statement! (4) Now P1 requires 3 Ds and P2 required 3 Bs. Neither of them can be satisfied by the current resource set (1, 2, 4, 2). Getting any single student from home amid tra_c to reviewing your dissertation his or her classes is solvable.
However, getting every student from home to college statement classes amid tra_c is your, a bigger problem, especially to students. College Essay! For Dal, this involves over 15,000 students. Suppose that Dal was willing to reviewing provide money to ease the problem of college, getting students from. Bridge Shetland! home to class on time though the city tra_c. For each of college statement, prevention, avoidance, and pure, detection and recovery, outline and explain a solution to this problem or indicate why that solution approach is not applicable to the problem. In the college essay statement, event that a framework does not utilize either a deadlock-prevention or a deadlock-avoidance algorithm, then a deadlock situation may happen. In nature#8217;s domain, the reviewing your dissertation, framework must give: An algorithm that inspects the state of the college essay, framework to essays criticisms figure out if a deadlock has happened. An algorithm to recuperate from the college statement, deadlock. Ideas! Deadlock-prevention algorithms, anticipate deadlocks via limiting how demands could be made. The restrictions guarantee that no less than one of the fundamental conditions for deadlock can#8217;t happen and, subsequently, that deadlocks can#8217;t hold. Conceivable reactions of counteracting deadlocks by this strategy, on the other hand, are low gadget usage and decreased framework throughput.
An option technique for college statement keeping away from deadlocks is to require extra data about essays on advertising criticisms, how assets are to essay be asked. Reviewing! For instance, in statement a framework with one tape drive and reviewing your dissertation, one printer, we may be told that process P will ask for college first the tape drive, and on advertising criticisms, later the printer, before discharging both assets. Process Q, then again, will ask for first the printer and afterward the tape drive. With this learning of the complete grouping of appeals and discharges for each one methodology, we can choose for each one appeal whether the statement, procedure ought to hold up so as to dodge a conceivable future deadlock. Each one solicitation obliges that in rabindranath tagore 750 words settling on this choice the framework consider the college, assets at present accessible, the assets as of now designated to each one methodology, and the future demands and arrivals of each one procedure.
The different algorithms contrast in the sum and the giver picture book report, kind of data needed. College Statement! The least complex and most helpful model obliges that each one procedure announce the greatest number of assets of bressay shetland, each one sort that it may require. Given this from the earlier data, it is conceivable to build an algorithm that guarantees that the framework will never enter a deadlocked state. College Essay! Such an algorithm characterizes the deadlock-avoidance approach. A deadlock-avoidance algorithm dynamically looks at your, the asset portion state to guarantee that a round hold up condition can never exist. Design and implement a multi-threaded program with a critical section. College Essay! The following is a sample C programming homework, so if you need C programming homework help check out this porgram. Write a script that monitors the creation of your, .pdf or .PDF files in the current directory.
Every minute it should display a list of those filenames created after the previous display. Note: the script should run forever. A telephone directory, teledir.txt, maintains records in the form name:number where number is of the form nnn-nnn-nnnn. College Statement! Devise a shell script that accepts one or two arguments that could be the the giver report, name or number. If it exists in the directory, then the list should be displayed. both. The entry is displayed if it exists and is added if it doesn#8217;t exist in he file.You can assume that the user will enter the number as nnn-nnn-nnnn. Essay! No need to do any error checking. Also, let us keep the name simple too assume it is just one word like #8220;Veerasamy#8221; Write a perl script that accepts a filename and the delimiter string as arguments, and then displays each line with its fields reversed. Write a C program to split the contents of 2 coursework, a file specified as argument into essay multiple files so that each file contains at most 10000 bytes. Name the files foo.1, foo.2 and so forth if foo is the argument. Write a C program to create a family tree of tasks from the main task (total 8 tasks, A is essay rabindranath tagore, parent of B and C, B is parent of D and C is the parent of E, F, G and essay, H) using fork() as many times as needed.
Achieve just this configuration no need to essay rabindranath tagore use exec() etc. This is one of the more complex assignments we have to help with, since it involves multiple processes and communications with pipes and only runs under Linux (Windows does not support fork, which is used in this). If you need a solution for your C programming project, then we can provide what you need. See the following example C programming assignment help. Your task is to implement a basic shell that allows the execution of command line tools and programs. Since you have learnt about shell programming, and how to work with processes and pipes, it is time to college essay statement put all of this together and write your own mini?shell that can #8220;almost#8221; give bash a run for its money. 2 Coursework! The shell should allow running command line tools that have zero, one or multiple arguments. As we#8217;ve seen in the lectures, commands can be non?builtin (a process is spawned to execute them), and essay statement, built?in (no process is spawned). Your shell should allow for the giver report both types of college essay statement, commands. To simplify your task, from the built?in commands, you only have to support #8220;cd#8221; and #8220;exit#8221; . Shetland! The exit command will exit the current shell session, and the cd command will be used to change the current working directory.
The cd command takes both relative and college essay, absolute (relative to root) paths. For example: You do NOT have to support anything involving expanding environment variables, or special symbols, e.g., A shell generally supports a set of special operators, for various purposes like background execution or chaining commands: The #8216;#8217; operator sends a process to the background, as we#8217;ve seen in lectures. However, it can be used to essay tagore 750 words run 2 commands in parallel as well. For example, the following commands will be run in parallel: The #8216;;#8217; operator allows running multiple commands in one run, sequentially, e.g., + The #8216;#8217; operator is essay statement, a logical AND operator that lets you execute a second command, if the first command runs successfully (the exit status of the first command is bressay bridge shetland, zero), e.g., $ mkdir newfolder cp file.txt newfolder/ (If the mkdir is successful, copy a file into it) The #8216;||#8217; operator is a logical OR operator that lets you execute a second command, if the first command fails (the exit status of the first command is greater than zero), e.g., (If the folder #8220;newfolder#8221; does not exist, create it) The #8216;|#8217; (pipe) operator allows chaining of commands, by sending the output of the first command as an input to a second command. College Essay! You#8217;ve already seen a few examples of this one in the lectures and bressay bridge, labs. Out of these special operators, for the scope of statement, this assignment, you will only have to implement the pipe #8216;|#8217; operator. Your shell should allow both simple commands, which do not contain such operators, AND complex commands that can contain any number of simple commands, chained using pipe operators.
Optionally, you are welcome to try implementing more operators, although there are certain tricky aspects you will have to be careful about, in order to correctly implement their semantics, as well as their priority order (from most to least priority: #8216;|#8217;, #8216;#8217; and reviewing your, #8216;||#8217;, #8216;#8217;, #8216;;#8217; ). Your shell should also support the following redirection operators: Redirection of standard input from a file: #8216;#8216; Redirection of standard output to a file: #8216;#8217; Redirection of standard error to a file: #8216;2#8217; Redirection of both output and error: #8216;#8217; You do NOT have to support redirection in append?mode (#8216;#8217; and essay statement, #8216;2#8217;), but you are welcome to extend your shell with these options as well if you wish. Your shell does NOT have to rabindranath tagore support the following things (although you are welcome to extend your shell to make it more awesome, if you wish): Expanding environment variables (preceded by college statement, $), such as in paths to commands or files. Defining new environment variables for the current shell session. Wildcard substitution, e.g., ls *.txt Double quotes, single quotes, and back quotes Starter code. The starter code provided will guide you step by step in solving this assignment. The parser.c and parser.h files deal with parsing commands and storing them in data structures (see below) that allow you to handle them easier. The shell.c and shell.h files contain functions that process commands and research, execute them accordingly.
You should read the code and understand it, then proceed to fill in all the #8220;TODO#8221; spots left for statement you to european history paper ideas implement. Simple commands are stored in essay statement the following structure: This is used for european paper ideas simple commands, involving a single program and no pipe chaining (or other special operators). A simple command can use redirection – in, out and err are strings containing the names of the files where the corresponding redirection should occur (stdin should be redirected to the file whose name is stored in #8220;in#8221;, stdout redirected to the file whose name is stored in #8220;out#8221;, etc.). Essay Statement! The builtin flag indicates whether the command is builtin or non?builtin. The values for the #8220;builtin#8221; flag are: 0 (non?builtin), 1 for #8220;cd#8221;, and 2 for #8220;exit#8221;. You should use the predefined macros BUILTIN_CD and BUILTIN_EXIT instead of the values 1 and 2. This way your code can benefit from more clarity. The #8220;tokens#8221; are basically the words in the command, followed by a NULL token. For example, #8220;ls ?l#8221; will be split into 2 tokens #8220;ls#8221; and paper, #8220;?l#8221;, followed by essay statement, a NULL pointer. The command #8220;ls –l | wc ?l#8221; will contain 5 tokens (parsing out all whitespaces, like blankspace and your dissertation, tab), followed by a NULL token.
Hint: the NULL token simplifies your task when using execlp and college essay, execvp calls). Complex commands are defined in the following structure #8220;command#8221;: This is a general form of a complex command. Your Dissertation! A complex command can be simple (no special operators), in college essay statement which case scmd is non?NULL, or it can be complex in which case scmd will be NULL. Picture! If it is a complex command, cmd1 and cmd2 are the two chained commands. College! In turn, cmd1 and cmd2 can be complex commands themselves. In the starter code, you are given a hint on how to deal with them by the giver picture book report, using recursion. The #8220;oper#8221; string is dedicated for storing the statement, special operator chaining cmd1 and cmd2. Try to essays criticisms first go through the code, and to understand the provided starter code. Next, try to follow the college essay, detailed instructions in the code, and fill in the code in the spots we left for you to complete, indicated by #8220; TODO #8221; comments. In this assignment, you are NOT allowed to use the #8220;popen#8221; or #8220;system#8221; functions.
For file I/O, redirection and processes, you are working at a low level using file descriptors. Consequently, you should only use POSIX functions, like open and close . Essays! Functions such as fopen or fclose are not to statement be used in this assignment. Appendix. Sample shell commands you should try (just a few examples) Also, make sure to run several commands involving #8216;cd#8217;, as shown in the handout (only the ones you should implement). Reviewing! Once you are done testing these and more, one cool thing you could try is to run your shell program within your own shell. This way you can create a new shell session as a child process of your own shell. After the second #8220;exit#8221;, you exit the parent shell as well, so you are back to college essay statement your regular terminal prompt. We are taking care of those aspects and are constantly providing assistance for C programming assignment help.
You can also seek our Expert Programming Tutors help in case of tagore, complex problems. Our experts also provide help with C programming assignment even after the programming project is delivered. All the work done by us and we provide help with C programming assignment and the content is guaranteed to essay statement be plagiarism free, don#8217;t copy your friend#8217;s solution, use our C programming project help.
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Kerja Amal Moral Folio Tingkatan 4 Essays and Research Papers. KERJA KURSUS PENDIDIKAN MORAL OBJEKTIF PENILAIAN KERJA KURSUS Objektif Penilaian Kerja Kursus . Pendidikan Moral adalah untuk menilai kebolehan calon: 1. mengetahui, memahami dan menghayati nilai-nilai untuk berakhlak mulia 2. College Essay? menggunakan pemikiran yang matang berasaskan nilai moral 3. berkomunikasi berasaskan nilai moral 4 . Pure 2 Coursework? membuat keputusan dengan berasaskan nilai moral 5. menyelesaikan masalah berasaskan nilai moral 6. menghayati keharmonian antara manusia. 658 Words | 5 Pages. Vacancies/JAWATAN KOSONG Telemarketing Consultants for college essay, calling Bank Campaigns/Insurance amp; Telecommunications. FAEDAH UTAMA - Gaji Basic Rm1500- . Rm3500 (diberi berdasarkan pengalaman) - Komisyen Incentive - Rm3000 keatas sebulan - Waktu kerja Isnin %u2013 Jumaat (9.30am %u2013 6.30pm) - Sabtu berselang 2kali dalam sebulan (10am %u2013 4pm) - Cuti Umum / Public Holiday ikut Calender - KWSP/Socso/Medical Benefit/Overtime - Elaun Kedatangan Rm200 - Insentive tambahan Rm150 untuk Elaun. Academic degree , Bachelor's degree , Kuala Lumpur 759 Words | 6 Pages. MPW2153 PENDIDIKAN MORAL BAB 4 : STRATEGI PENYELESAIAN MASALAH BAB 4 KONFLIK MORAL DAN . PENYELESAIAN Oleh : Nor Azlili, Nadhirah, Muthualagan, Syuja MAKSUD KONFLIK atau PERTIKAIAN Ialah sesuatu permasalahan yang timbul akibat daripada pertembungan dua perkara atau lebih. Picture? Ini berbeza dengan masalah kerana konflik akan melibatkan jalan penyelesaian yang harus memilih di antara satu yang terbaik. Konflik boleh muncul dalam pelbagai bentuk seperti konflik yang melibatkan soal kehendak atau matlamat.
1520 Words | 6 Pages. MORALS Morals http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-hume-morality/ Growing up I always was told to essay statement tell the pure 2 coursework, truth, treat . everyone how you would want to be treated and not to lie, cheat, or steal because these are morals I should live by. The definition of morals is college essay, a principle or habit with respect to right or wrong conduct. Pure? What is right and wrong, and who decides these rights and wrongs? I will go back and college essay explore Kant and Locke to hopefully answer my questions. • The values people. Aesthetics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 2759 Words | 7 Pages. PENGARUH FAKTOR - FAKTOR MOTIVATION TERHADAP PRESTASI KERJA KARYAWAN PADA PERUSAHAAN WAJIK KLETIK DIBUNGKUS KLOBOT BLITAR Oleh: . Kusumawati, Arie Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org Undergraduate Theses Airlangga University Dibuat: 2006-02-06 ABSTRAKSI Manusia sebagai salah satu sumber daya dalam perusahaan mempunyai peranan sangat penting dibandingkan dengan sumber daya lainnya, karena manusia merupakan faktor penggerak dari seluruh kegiatan perusahaan. Perusahaan. 1083 Words | 4 Pages.
Assignment 2 Examine the moral values in Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and Confucianism which has formed the basis for essays, human behavior. . Give specific examples. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Moral values serve as standards of essay right and essay rabindranath wrong for college, people, guiding their decisions and actions. Moral values also determine what people value and how they express this in their lives. 2 Coursework? People learn moral values from religions, governments, and. Christianity , Good and evil , Human 1383 Words | 5 Pages. | Penghargaan | (iii) | 3. Essay Statement? | Objektif Kajian | (iv) | 4 . | Kaedah Kajian | (v) | 5. | Hasil Kajiana)Salasilah keluargab) Perkembangan . diri dan keluargac) Tokoh dalam keluargad) Peristiwa bersejarah dalam keluarga | | 6. | Rumusan | | 7. Reviewing Your? | Lampiran | | Isi Kandungan Penghargaan Pertama sekali, saya ingin mengucapkan terima kasih kepada keluarga saya yang telah banyak memberikan sokongan dan sumber untuk menyiapkan folio ini dengan jayanya. Saya juga ingin merakamkan ribuan terima. 624 Words | 5 Pages.
Law may be invoked to prevent immoral behavior or enforce morals . h. College Essay Statement? An appeal to the harm principle already provides a widely accepted . independent justification i. Bressay Shetland? As a result, this principle usually invoked only when there are so-called victimless crimes j. Mill rejects use of this principle as a basis for limiting liberty. In his view, accepting this principle would be allowing the essay, tyranny of the majority. Reviewing Your? 4 ) The offense principle – Individual liberty is justifiably. Censorship , Erotica , Freedom of speech 1347 Words | 5 Pages. The first chapter of “Elements of Moral Philosophy” By James Rachels begins by attempting to define morality. This is essay, difficult task since so . many possible and rival definitions exits, therefore the common ground can be defined as only the bressay bridge, “minimum conception” and college essay statement although it is not immediately defined, the reader of “ Elements of Moral Philosophy” is given examples involving handicapped children to illustrate. Reviewing Dissertation? The first example employed in college essay, “Elements of Moral Philosophy” by bressay bridge shetland, James Rachels discussed. Ethics , Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution , Morality 2529 Words | 7 Pages. ?First Name__________________ Last Name__________________ Unit 4 : 4.03 Design Time: Your Space 1 (20 points) Take a look around you and . your workspace at this moment. What elements are helping you stay on task and complete your work? What can you change to make your workspace most effective?
Part 1: 1. Rate every area in your workspace on a scale of 1- 4 using the following chart. College Essay? 2. For anything ranks fair or poor, type in the “Actions to Take” column any changes you can make to improve your. Better , Camera , Camera phone 567 Words | 2 Pages. unsur terpenting dalam perusahaan, karena manusia ( tenaga kerja ) inilah yang menggerakkan dan mengendalikan segala sumber daya yang ada . Pure? didalam perusahaan. Essay? Maksud dan tujuan dari perusahan dapat terwujud apabila pimpinan yang memimpin perusahaan tersebut dapat memberikan perhatian yang serius kepada karyawan sebagai suatu asset perusahaan dan sumber daya lainnya, serta pimpinan perusahaan tersebut dapat membangkitkan semangat kerja para karyawannya dengan memberikan motivasi yang tepat dan. 9041 Words | 36 Pages. 0017 ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 2013 THE HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE SURVEY (HES) NAME : KUA YU CHAN I/C NO. : EXAM REGISTRATION NO: JA017K016 . Your? GROUP MEMBERS: 1) KUA YU CHAN 2) DHARSHINI A/P NEELA MEHAN 3) LIM HUI LING 4 ) SHEE HUI CHIEN 5) REGINA LEONG ZHI LING OBJECTIVES We students taking Additional Mathematics are required to carry out a project work while we are in Form 5.This year the statement, Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education has prepared.
Arithmetic mean , Chart , Household income in the United States 859 Words | 8 Pages. Moral Leadership 1 Moral Leadership Tracey Marshall Canada Christian College Advanced Dynamics in Leadership Dr. Book? Clarence . Duff April 12, 2012 Moral Leadership 2 The distinction between right and wrong concerning principles is called morality. Essay Statement? It is morality which helps to book report govern people whether as an individual, in a family, community, or organization. Essay? Within the last century, morality has been closely linked to leadership by european research paper, identifying a style called “ Moral Leadership”. In fact, it. Decision making , Ethics , Leadership 1914 Words | 7 Pages. ETHICS: THEORY AND APPLICATION MIDTERM EXAM SECTION POINTS: SECTION #1: EACH CORRECT ANSWER IS WORTH TWO (2) POINTS. (2X5=10) SECTION #2: EACH CORRECT . ANSWER IS WORTH FOUR ( 4 ) POINTS. (4X5=20) SECTION #3: EACH ANSWER IS WORTH 35 POINTS (2X35=70) OVERALL POINTS= 10+20+70=100 Section :1: True/False questions. Directions: please indicate if each statement is college essay statement, TRUE or FALSE.
Each answer is essays criticisms, worth two (2) points. College Essay? 1. Bressay Bridge? Ethical relativists claim that cultures ultimately share the same basic. Aesthetics , Cultural relativism , Ethics 1757 Words | 5 Pages. sebelah. Essay Statement? Kesimpulannya, setiap individu harus menghormati hak wanita dan memberikan layanan secara adil kepada mereka. Essay Tagore? Dengan ini, wanita akan berpeluang . untuk memberi sumbangan kepada masyarakat serta Negara. (287) patah perkataan Tugasan Harian 4 Kepentingan amalan nilai amanah bagi setiap kakitangan kerajaan untuk menangani masalah rasuah Fenomena rasuah sering dikaitkan dengan istilah tumbuk rusuk atau makan suap dan konotasi ini membawa maksud yang negatif kepada imej sesebuah masyarakat. 2379 Words | 9 Pages.
Development of Moral Reasoning, Attitudes Beliefs ( Kohlberg, Turiel, Gilligan) Lawrence Kohlberg • He established the Moral . Judgement Interview in college essay statement, his original 1958 dissertation, the interviewer uses moral dilemmas to determine which stage of moral reasoning a person uses. • The dilemmas are fictional short stories that describe situations in which a person has to make a moral decision. • Kohlberg experimented on this theory by interviewing boys aged 10 to essays on advertising criticisms 16. They were presented moral dilemmas. Developmental psychology , Ethics , Jean Piaget 731 Words | 3 Pages. SHOULD WE BE MORAL . College Essay? Being moral is a choice free from both internal and external factors. Rabindranath? Unless we have some convincing . reasons for being moral , there is no point in enquiring what is morally good and essay statement what is not. This question concerns reasons than causes.
Also one must realize that being moral involves self denial. For example a moral person must not take BRIBE, but another person who is not moral and takes bribes may turn out to be in a financially better position. So, moral obligations. Human , Logic , Moral 804 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form * * Search Bottom of Form 1 - 20 of 1000 * Moral Decline In America . continue to decay. Television shows aired on book report T.V. also present their own proof of this moral decline. College Essay Statement? A popular MTV show, Teen Mom, can be seen as glorifying teen. Premium * Moral Decline ask ourselves why and 2 coursework then understand we need to essay stop. Other people may think that moral decline is stimulated by immoral leaders.
This is partially true. Leaders. The Giver Picture? Premium Saved . Adolescence , Aesthetics , Developmental psychology 831 Words | 6 Pages. 1. What is Moral Theology? Moral theology/Christian ethics is that branch of statement theological inquiry that studies in essay rabindranath tagore 750 words, a systematic . way the college statement, practical implications of dissertation God's revelatory intervention in Jesus Christ. College Essay Statement? It is concerned with the kind of people we ought to book be and the kinds of college actions we ought to perform or avoid. In pursuing its task, moral theology must draw upon every available source of understanding: scripture, tradition, relevant human sciences (such as psychology, sociology, economics). Bible , Christian theology , Christianity 818 Words | 3 Pages. Why Teach Moral Values When most people talk about a school curriculum, they think about math, science, social studies, and language . courses. Bressay Bridge? Seldom do I hear or read about moral values as being part of the curriculum.
The problem is that the neglect of teaching moral values in schools is hurting our students and causing problems in society. College Statement? If a person has never learned any moral values, how is history research paper, she or he able to discern the college essay statement, difference between right and wrong? That is basically the essence of. Education , Intrinsic value , Morality 859 Words | 4 Pages. Kohlberg’s Moral Development Psych/500 October 14, 2012 Is it morally acceptable to steal food from the shetland, wealthy to feed the poor? This . College? was the type of question Lawrence Kohlberg, an American-born Harvard Professor, would ask of his research subjects. Dr. Essay Rabindranath? Kohlberg was fascinated by the cognitive development work proposed by Swiss theorist Jean Piaget (Long, n.d.). College Statement? “Kohlberg’s work aids both our understanding of the ways in which individuals make moral decisions, and demands that we use a.
Carol Gilligan , Developmental psychology , Ethics 1562 Words | 5 Pages. Moral Realism In this paper, I examine the connection between judgments of fact and moral judgments in an attempt to on advertising criticisms discern . whether moral judgments are simply a subset of judgments of fact. I will look mostly at an argument posed by many moral realists that takes moral facts to be “supervenient natural facts which are independent of our theorizing about them”1 and in college, which moral judgments are determined by pure, objective facts which relate to human flourishing or pleasure and pain. I will also, though. Argument , Human , Judgment 2443 Words | 7 Pages. Analisis Pengaruh Komitmen Organisasi Dan Keterlibatan Kerja Terhadap Hubungan Antara Etika Kerja Islam Dg Sikap Perubahan Organisasi. ANALISIS PENGARUH KOMITMEN ORGANISASI DAN KETERLIBATAN KERJA TERHADAP HUBUNGAN ANTARA ETIKA KERJA ISLAM DENGAN SIKAP PERUBAHAN . ORGANISASI Sri Anik1 Arifuddin2 Abstract This study examines the effect of Organizational Commitment and Job Involvement on the relationship between The Islamic Work Ethics and Organizational Change Attitude. Essay Statement? The result of the study supports the hypothese that the Islamic Work Ethic relates to the Organizational Commitment and the Islamic Work Ethic related to the Organizational. 7066 Words | 27 Pages. Moral Development | Morality as Rooted in history paper, Human NatureDescribe and evaluate the biological perspective on college statement morality. Your Dissertation? * The biological . perspective on essay statement moral development assumes that morality is grounded in the genetic heritage of our species, perhaps through prewired emotional reactions. Humans share many morally relevant behaviours with other species, and the ventromedial area of the frontal region of the cerebral cortex is vital for emotional responsiveness to others’ suffering.
Nevertheless. Aggression , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1867 Words | 6 Pages. Moral development is essay rabindranath tagore, one of the oldest topics of interest for those who are curious about human nature. Today, most people have strong opinions . about acceptable and essay unacceptable behavior, ethical and unethical behavior, and ways in which acceptable and ethical behaviors are fostered in youth. Teachers as well as parents have become widely concerned about their children's values, in turn moral education is something that is being pushed into criticisms a lot of school curriculums. Moral development concerns. Developmental psychology , Ethics , Jean Piaget 2434 Words | 6 Pages. Sociology 1A. Moral Panics According to Cohen, society is often subject to such instances and essay periods of moral panic; an . occurrence which is characterised by the giver book report, ‘stylized and statement stereotypical’ representation by the mass media, and a tendency for 750 words, those ‘in power’ (politicians, bishops, editors and so on) to man the ‘ moral barricades’ and pronounce judgement. Essay Statement? At times the object and nature of the essays on advertising, panic may be considered ‘novel’, such as that concerning the college essay statement, ‘child killers’ of James Bulger in the.
1990s , 1994 , Cameron Mitchell 2643 Words | 7 Pages. bumper sticker read, “The Moral Majority is Neither.” The fact that there was a bumper sticker criticizing the pure, Moral Majority, . measures how large of an impact they once had in politics in college, America. On Advertising Criticisms? Led by Reverend Jerry Falwall, the Moral Majority was an ultra-conservative group that aimed to incorporate politics with strong conservative religious views. The mission itself was controversial which made their political agenda criticized even more. Essay? Falwell and the rest of the Moral Majority believed that.
Christian right , Conservatism , Evangelicalism 1766 Words | 5 Pages. Why Be Moral Bobby Tucker Grand Canyon University: PHI-305 October 5, 2014 Why Be Moral Plato’s idea of justice is along the . Pure? thought of college statement morality, or righteousness while Thrasymachus thoughts were that justice meant superiority. This essay will discuss the two views of justice as well as give purpose to the question of “why be moral ?” Before answering the picture, question, one must compare the two views of the essay, scholars to essays on advertising criticisms get both sides. There could be several reasons for college, living by research, a moral code, this. Bible , God , Jesus 1109 Words | 5 Pages. the destruction that follows when ambition goes beyond moral constraints. To fully understand the extent to which Macbeth is a morality play, . it is college essay, essential to give consideration to shetland the context of the time during which the playwright penned the drama. College Statement? Theatre was a major social event that not only brought society together but also taught the audience, regardless of their social class, how to behave in order for society to maintain its moral order.
Shakespeare used the beliefs and current events. Duncan I of Scotland , Ethics , James I of England 2443 Words | 7 Pages. Moral Law is 2 coursework, a rule or a group of college statement rules of right living conceived as universal and shetland unchanging. Moral law is a system of . College Essay? guidelines for behavior. These guidelines may or may not be part of a religion, codified in written form, or legally enforceable. For some people moral law is synonymous with the commands of a divine being. For others, moral law is european ideas, a set of universal rules that should apply to everyone.(SR, page 87) It is understood to combine the pinnacle of college “Natural Law” and “Deontological reasoning”. Aristotle , Ethics , Jeremy Bentham 1315 Words | 4 Pages. ? Describe and evaluate two theories of moral development. This essay will demonstrate the explanation and the evaluation of bressay bridge shetland two . different theories of college essay moral development. Moral development is related to behavior, and psychologists mean by moral behavior is that the on advertising, judgment of person.
Jean Piaget is the most renowned psychologist for college statement, his work on moral development. However, his theory was limited and not developed as Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory, but Piaget made a favour for Kohlberg by provided. Child development , Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget 1362 Words | 4 Pages. Nomsenge Topic: Deviance Due: 4 October 2012 TASK: Critically discuss the essays criticisms, idea of moral panic in the social . College Statement? construction of deviance. Shetland? INTRODUCTION In order to statement discuss the idea of moral panic in the social construction of deviance it is important that these three concepts be first defined. Only then is it possible to tagore initiate or conduct an interrogation of the college, links and connections between the two main inseparable constructs, which are moral panic, and deviance. In brief deviance.
Sociology 1673 Words | 5 Pages. launched by Tom Monaghan, founder of Domino's Pizza Inc, in September 1997. As at February 2013, there are 103 stores operating all over Malaysia, with . Report? 61 in the Klang Valley, 12 stores in Johor, 8 in Perak, 8 in Pulau Pinang, 6 in Negeri Sembilan, 4 in Kedah, 3 in Melaka and college 1 in Perlis. With the healthy growth in Malaysia, Domino's extended its presence to neighboring Singapore in 2009. There are currently 13 outlets operating in Singapore and growing aggressively Corporate Social Responsibility . Corporate social responsibility , Domino's Pizza , Education 717 Words | 3 Pages.
of employees, this makes him help a lot of 2 coursework people get employed. He earn the statement, money so he bought a house in Canada and the house is belong to bridge shetland himself, his . parent live in his house. |Capitalism | Moral | |Free market |Right to choice | |Self-interest is more important for individuals . Anxiety , Capitalism , Economic system 798 Words | 4 Pages. Moral Leadership and college essay statement Ethics (Sacha Fuller) If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more, and your dissertation become more, you are a . leader. – John Quincy Adams A promotion to management or obtaining a leadership role in an organization is college essay, not the only thing needed to be considered a leader. Bressay? A sound foundation in morals , values, and ethics are needed to be an efficient and essay statement effective leader. A leader must stand out from the rest. As a leader, one must know what they value in the giver picture book report, their subordinates. Business ethics , Ethics , Leadership 1281 Words | 4 Pages. KERTAS KERJA KARNIVAL NASYID SAMBUTAN 20 TAHUN AL FURQAN TARIKH: AHAD (18 NOVEMBER 2007) TEMPAT: SEKOLAH RENDAH AL FURQAN 33000 . KUALA KANGSAR MASA: Ahad 8.00 pagi - 12.15 tghr ANJURAN: SEKOLAH RENDAH AL FURQAN dengan kerjasama PIBG SRAF ALUMNI SRAF 1. MUQADDIMAH Kesenian seumpama nasyid telah wujud sejak zaman Rasulullah s.a.w dan sebelumnya.
Pada awal perkembangannya di Malaysia, ia lebih dikenali melalui irama padang pasir. Statement? Muzik nasyid telah menerima kepelbagaian. 463 Words | 4 Pages. uniqueness of a virtuous person comes from their arete, phronesis, and eudaimonia. Essay Tagore 750 Words? Arete means virtue or excellence and can be exemplified as a person of . generosity, courage, honesty, duty, loyalty, compassion, and other virtues. College Essay Statement? Phronesis, is criticisms, described as moral or practical wisdom that knows the college statement, correct path to your dissertation take in any circumstance. Eudaimonia is happiness or flourishing life.2 These characteristics are often mistaken, for what brings happiness to people, virtues, and wisdom are different for each person. Aristotle , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1595 Words | 5 Pages. ? Moral action - Doing something that is right in spite of college opposition from european paper ideas, others Adam Hochschild’s King of Leopold’s Ghost is the story of . College Statement? no other than European ruler King Leopold II of Belgium, and the Congo, in which he took ownership of. He later became in control of bressay one of the largest colonies in Africa due to college essay statement his manipulating ways and tricks.
Moreover his Congo, mostly the white authorities, forced some villages in Africa into harsh labor, where they were punished for european history, wrong behavior, and. Adam Hochschild , Congo Free State , Human rights 1311 Words | 4 Pages. airports, bus and transport terminals and railway stations to sighted far from where living places and community law enforcers should check the misuse of college essay statement . loudspeakers, worshipers, outdoor parties and discos, as well as public announcements systems. 4 . THERMAL POLLUTION – The release of harmful heat in the environment(atmosphere or water). * SOURCE: there are many other sources that contribute to thermal pollution such as power plants creating electricity. Acid rain , Air pollution , Cooling tower 661 Words | 3 Pages.
? MORAL VIRTUES 1.0 INTRODUCTION Man attains his ultimate end through good actions, that is, in conformity with law and his conscience. These . good actions can be helped by good habits called virtues. Virtue is not something abstract possibly no term in the history of moral thought has stimulated more interest, reflection and picture book speculation than that of virtue. Virtue is not something abstract and detached from life but on the contrary it has deep roots in essay statement, life itself. It spring up from the bressay, latter. God , Good and evil , Jesus 2386 Words | 7 Pages. Is moral universalism the truth? According to Streiffer , moral universalism is an ethical position that there are some . moral values which are agreed by all people, ignoring nationality, culture, religion or other differentiating features. College? Some famous philosophers, from the bridge, ancient Platonists and Stoics, to modern Kantian, Objectivist, believed in moral universalism. College? Besides, a majority of religions have morally universalist positions. However, at the same time, there are also some famous philosophers.
Culture , Human rights , Marriage 776 Words | 3 Pages. considered synonyms, morals are beliefs based on practices or teachings regarding how people conduct themselves in pure 2 coursework, personal relationships and . in college, society, while ethics refers to a set or system of principles, or a philosophy or theory behind them. (Principles, however, is itself is ideas, a synonym for morals .) So, ethics is the rules of conduct recognized in respect to essay statement a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc: it defines how thing are according to shetland the rules; while morals are principles. Aristotle , Ethics , Eudaimonia 1914 Words | 3 Pages. Table 5: Moral Development 0-3 months no moral awareness 3-6 months Show joy by smiling, cooing and laughing when fed . comfortable or safe. Essay Statement? 6-9 months Show joy by smiling, cooing and your laughing when fed comfortable or safe crying when distressed or unhappy. 9-12 months- No understanding of right or wrong, starts to understand word no. 1-2 Years MORAL DEVELOPMENT: One to Two Years Is inwardly sensitive to adult approval and disapproval, despite tantrums and bursts of anger. 2- 4 Years. Blame , Conscience , Consciousness 526 Words | 3 Pages. MORALS AND ETHICS PREVAILING STANDARDS AND MEASURES TO IMPROVE THESE INTRODUCTION 1. The traditional military ethic of our . army can be described on the concept of ‘Namak’ or salt.
One is supposed to be faithful to the person whose salt one has eaten. College Essay? The allegiance is not necessarily to the state but to what the soldier serves directly – the essays on advertising, regiment or may be his direct superior officer. 2. During the tenure of the British Raj, the college, ruling power had assigned a unique position. Aesthetics , Armed forces , Army 1100 Words | 4 Pages. Moral Philosophy “Principles or rules that people use to decide what is right or wrong” 1.TELEOLOGY:- * An act is considered morally . right or acceptable if it produces some desired result, i.e., pleasure, knowledge, career growth, a self-interest, or utility. * Theory that derives duty from what is valuable as an report end, in a manner diametrically opposed to deontological ethics. Teleological ethics holds that the basic standard of duty is the contribution that an action makes to the realization. Descriptive ethics , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 1295 Words | 4 Pages. Philosophical ethics are an attempt to define moral action. Theories try to answer questions such as ‘what is a moral action?’ . and ‘how should men act?’ In the case of classical theories the essay, main question is ‘What is the good life? We all grow up learning our ethics, or morals , from the giver picture, our parents and society.
As we grow we are told things; do not cross the college essay, road alone, clean your room. But there are a set of instructions that we are told, and we grow to learn that they have quite a different motive. Categorical imperative , Deontological ethics , Ethics 2874 Words | 7 Pages. Moral Development 2 and a half years old - they have no understanding of what’s wrong and the giver picture report right but are starting to understand the word no. . College Statement? 3 years old - no understanding of what’s wrong and essays right but can follow simple rules most of the time. 4 years old- some children are sometimes thoughtful towards other but do things mainly for adult approval. 5-6 years old- children this age are eager to statement understand and follow the rules. Essays On Advertising? 7-9 years old- children at essay, this age are willing to dissertation tell others. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 777 Words | 3 Pages. Moral Rights 1. Right to Live: The first and main right of man is his right to live.
The object of a moral life is improvement . College? of the self and life is a necessary condition to pure effecting this improvement. The right to life is college statement, a fundamental right it is a sacred right. Reviewing Your? The right to life also included the right to essay statement work without money earning the necessities of life cannot be obtained. The life of a person without occupation becomes difficult. To the right of life is conjoined the duty of respect. Human , Human rights , Meaning of life 1142 Words | 3 Pages.
Support of Moral Relativism: My topic is on moral relativism, and I am trying to argue that moral relativism is european history, . applicable and college essay is required to pure 2 coursework explain the current phenomenon. First I would try to show how culture affects moral decisions, and that such shows the need for a relativistic explanation. I would propose a few arguments and analogies for the need of college essay statement relativism, such as that in reviewing your dissertation, different situations the same moral rule may not apply. I would then try to college essay see if there are any moral standards. Cultural relativism , Culture , Ethics 1874 Words | 5 Pages.
Notes on Moral Turpitude Problem : Moral Turpitude Black’s Law Dictionary definition of moral turpitude as . “an act of baseness, vileness, or depravity in the private duties which a man owes his fellow men, or to society in general, contrary to the accepted and customary rule of the giver report right and essay statement duty between man and man, or conduct contrary to justice, honesty, modesty, or good morals . “Act or behavior that gravely violates moral sentiment or accepted moral standards of community and rabindranath tagore is. Conviction , Crime , Ethics 1408 Words | 6 Pages. Role of School in Moral Education. Role of School in Moral Education Principal Dr Smt U K Sadavarte Vivekwardhini College of Education For Women, Nanded Prof Rachana . Sandeep Akolkar AAD College of Education, Khultabad, Aurangabad Moral education is what the schools do to help the young become ethically mature adults, capable of moral thought and action. Very little of the moral education that inevitably occurs in essay, the schools is formally recorded in lesson plans, curriculum guides, or. Developmental psychology , Education , Heinz dilemma 996 Words | 4 Pages. ?1. What is a moral dilemma? A genuine dilemma is one type of moral problem, captured by the expression “You’re damned if you . Paper? do, damned if you don’t.” That is, in a dilemma, there appears to college be no right answer or solution (Dreisbach, 2008). Moral dilemmas, at the very least, involve conflicts between moral requirements (McConnell, 2010). 3. The four questions that must be asked to research establish if a Dirty Harry Problem exists are: Did the agent know the college, situation and the choices that it offers.
Clint Eastwood , Dirty Harry , Ethics 2400 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction It is widely accepted that educating and training students in moral competence is not just useful but obligatory in classroom . practice. The fact that numerous moral topics and situations are constantly encountered in life gives rise to an essential need for educators to shetland facilitate opportunities for moral learning and development. (Ludecke-Plumer, 2007) This can be accomplished by educating students on the different facets of life including ideals of justice and social expectation. (Henry. Developmental psychology , Education , Educational psychology 1343 Words | 5 Pages. Morality Lost and Moral Education. Lost and Moral Education Xiangwen Liao (Allen) University of La Verne - ELS Abstract Morality is the part of positive . moral values that are the necessary for human’s social activities and statement daily life. Bressay? It’s one of the special and unique elements that make human different from animals. College Statement? However, in pure, the age of modernization, we are facing problems of morality lost in college statement, many areas in essay rabindranath, our life when we are chasing the material goals. The purpose of college this paper is to summarize the reviewing, current moral problems. Education , History of education , Intrinsic value 1768 Words | 5 Pages.
Kohlberg's Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg was born in Bronxville, New York on October 25, 1927. He was born into a wealthy family and college essay . On Advertising Criticisms? enjoyed all of the luxuries that the rich lifestyle had to offer including the statement, finest college prep schools. However, Kohlberg was not too concerned with this lifestyle. Instead he became a sailor with the merchant marines. During World War II, Kohlberg played an instrumental role in smuggling Jews through a British blockade in Palestine. It was during. Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget , Kohlberg's stages of moral development 1479 Words | 4 Pages. EDU10002 Assessment 3 Folio TP1 2015 4.
Teaching Period 1, 2015 EDU10002 Understanding Language and 2 coursework Literacy Assessment 3: Folio Word limit: 1500 (+/- 10%) Weighting: 30% Due date: . 9am (AEST) Monday 1 June 2015 (Week 12) Assessment overview This assessment folio requires you to create a newsletter for college essay, the parents in an early childhood or primary setting and write a reflection on bressay bridge your process. You will demonstrate your understanding of literacy and language in relation to one of the teaching and learning curriculum models/ approaches introduced. Childhood , Early childhood education , Education 878 Words | 4 Pages. karena itu adalah sebuah bentuk eksploitasi berlebihan atas seksualitas melalui majalah, buku, film, internet, dll., yang tersebar 1 Jawa Pos edisi 8 . April 2006 ibid 2 2 secara luas dan dengan mudah diakses masyarakat. Itu semua merusak moral bangsa dan melecehkan wanita.”3 Selain itu, isi majalah itu juga sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam, yang notabene dipeluk oleh sekitar 90% penduduk Indonesia. Imam S. Nugroho, Ketua Aliansi Jurnalis Independen (AJI) Surabaya, menyatakan “penerbitan. 4844 Words | 16 Pages. Ethical and Moral Issues in Business. Ethical and Moral Issues in Business MGT 216 April 4 , 2012 Ethical and Moral Issues in college, Business Ethics and . moral are not things that commonly cross a person’s mind, unless there is an ethical or moral issue. Rabindranath Tagore 750 Words? In ethical and moral issues, people begin to question the ethics and morals or the college statement, person or people in pure, the middle of the questioning.
This paper will define the differences between ethical and moral issues, the differences between personal and business ethics, and will provide examples. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 856 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss Theories Of Moral Development. ?Discuss theories of essay moral development Piaget researched into the moral development of children and found that until about picture report 5 . years old children are amoral. They cannot make moral judgements or understand rules. However, most children under 5 years old know when they are doing something wrong; therefore it could be argued that they aren’t amoral. College Essay Statement? To understand rules children use equal-status contact with peers to understand others perspectives and begin to develop morally. Piaget used pairs of vignettes. Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget , Kohlberg's stages of moral development 1186 Words | 3 Pages.
Lawrence Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development. Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to your understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong . and college essay statement how justice is bridge shetland, served. Kohlberg used surveys in which he included moral dilemmas where he asked the subjects to evaluate a moral conflict. College? Through his studies, Kohlberg observed that moral growth and development precedes through stages such as those of your dissertation Piaget's stages of college cognitive development. Rabindranath Tagore 750 Words? He theorized that moral growth begins at college, the beginning of reviewing your dissertation life.
Developmental psychology , Human rights , Jean Piaget 2215 Words | 6 Pages.
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Cinco de Mayo guest essay: A Conversation with the Serpent. With the essay statement current hostility towards Latinos and “illegal aliens” drummed up by the presumed Republican nominee for rabindranath 750 words, president, Donald “Bigly” Trump, I thought I’d hand over my blog to college essay, my wife, Andrea. She is one of the people the Trump thugs will be looking for, so her voice is 2 coursework, much more powerful than mine on college statement, this topic. She’s also a much better writer than I am. When I first read this, I wept for what she’d lost to be here in the “land of the free.” This piece might remind you of the great Mexican writer, Octavio Paz. Or it might remind you that we are all continuing journeys that our families began for us. In honor of the hard working people who won’t be drinking margaritas today or having sombrero contests, please spend some time with mi familia.
“Entre mas bien te portes, mas bien te va a ir” you said to me once. Yes, you told me once and your dissertation, left me puzzled. You, Anastasia, the boss lady of the essay statement Rosas clan. Eighty some years old, with hoses for bridge, veins. I’m not sure how you came to be, how you came into this world.
You seem too old for anything to have created or birthed you. College? You look and smell like sweet tree bark as if you had been standing there, in that same spot, taking root for years and years just watching Mexico’s story unfold from the time of the pyramids to now. T ienes una calma admirable . You have that calmness about you, the bressay kind of calm serene spirit only the essay statement air between strong growing trees have. Reviewing Your Dissertation? You were never taught to make sense of letters, but have always had plenty of wisdom to share about how a life should be lived. You represent our land, Mexico, in all it’s wholeness, with all it’s jungles, trees, garbage, tierra , oppression, cactus, esqueletos , all of it. Your words are always so sure of themselves, they stand over us and give us a dirty look when they come out of your mouth. Essay? “The better you behave, the better life will be to european paper ideas, you” you said. With iPhone in college essay statement hand, I recorded your voice without you noticing. It might be the last time I would get to bressay shetland, hear it since I moved North, to the United States of America. Your voice.
A voice that reminded me of the one place I belonged to and wanted to hold on to, but also a voice that yanked on the back of college essay statement my neck hairs and essay rabindranath 750 words, reminded me that I wasn’t there anymore. But it wasn’t until I crossed over to the other side that your words made sense. Only there, in between worlds, on college statement, that shaky bridge, did I find the meaning to your words. I found what you really meant to say. Essay Tagore 750 Words? Split into uno, dos . When our people move North and cross the waters of the Rio Bravo to the other side, we get split into two. Essay Statement? It’s funny how even the river that divides this land and that land has two names: they call it The Rio Grande, the “big river.” We call it El Rio Bravo, the “angry river.” Different names, different experiences. Split into two. Essays On Advertising Criticisms? Everything about me seems to be split in two. You would never understand because you are whole. You have all your parts and know them well, because they have been a part of you always. Essay Statement? You’ve never had to essay rabindranath, add or subtract anything from yourself.
Everything is where you left it, just the statement way you know. But me, my everything splits into dos ever since I left our place. I have two heads, two tongues, two brains, two, two, two. Two mouths, two homes, dos modos de ser , two. Picture Report? And just like the Mexican female goddess was split into two by Spanish religion, split into the virgin and the whore, Tonantsi and Coatlalopeuh, I too, along with all the women in your family have been split. College Essay? Octavio Paz would say we, the women of your country, only the giver picture, become more damaged when we cross over, because according to him we are born damaged. He says women are born with a wound that never heals. A raja or opening that bleeds out every month to remind us we are weak, and sinful. He repeats that “a woman is college essay statement, a domesticated wild animal, lecherous and shetland, sinful from college essay, birth, who must be subdued with a stick and guided by the reins of religion.” He would say that when we cross over and abandon our homes the wound tears and only opens up more and we bleed out. But I know you, and I can see you start to laugh, and I know how you raised us, and I can hear you tell Paz that he can shove his book up his ass. Essay Rabindranath? Up his on raja . You never needed nada de nadie , nothing from essay statement, no one and would be proud to say you bleed and are still strong.
I can hear you say that to reviewing, me and tell me that you are both the whore, and the virgin. You were both La Llo r ona and La Malinche . College Essay? The wailing woman, crying your songs for her lost children at the river by the border, and the one who Cortez slept with because he wanted your power. You are both Tonantsi and Coatlalopeuh, and are not gonna apologize for any of it. In a way, I have always been jealous of your life, grandma. A life with a poor but constant home. A life that to bridge shetland, American standards would seem miserable.
But you live happy because their standards don’t exist to you because you who have been untouched by American culture and expectation. You own and statement, know yourself so well, unlike us on the other side who have two faces, because having one would not be enough. We keep a third face in our closet because it’s too sad for even us to look at. So you see us, on this side of the research paper line, and we walk cradling our dried up roots in our arms, with our two sad brown faces swinging as we go. You are whole in the way that I cannot be. You are the constant force, the statement motherland. Essays? Just looking at you, a serpent woman, could scare you in the sweetest way. You know when you do it don’t you abue? You know when you scare us because after you notice, you smile and college statement, your face gets all wrinkled with satisfaction. The same half fear is pure, what I feel when I think of statement returning home, to what our country has become. Reviewing Your? The kind of fear you want to feel because it feels good.
Home scares me, but it’s impossible not to essay, long to go back, not to go back crawling into familiar arms. You and our country are full of life, but also full of holy death. Death does not scare us. Magic doesn’t make us laugh. You taught us to shetland, live with it, to not fear it. You and college essay statement, our ancestors have built altars to venerate lady death, la flaca, la huesuda . You light the dead candles so they can find their way back home once a year, and set out a feast of bread and tequila for them to enjoy while we sleep and they dance around us. You don’t let us go out into the streets without “La benediction” for fear of the spirits, but mostly out of respect for the evil in all of us. You cover the mirrors in the homes when someone in the family dies, you say that if you don’t the deceased will take us with them to pure, that other place, and you say it’s not our time. You believe in the life in college essay us, but also teach us that we should not be scared of death.
All your beliefs intact because you’ve never crossed to your dissertation, the North. It’s another world, Grandma. In the words of Gloria Anzaldua, your beliefs would be classified as “fiction, make-believe, wish-fulfillment.” they say that “Indians have primitive and college essay, therefore deficient minds.” And that label, is what our people deal with on the other side. We are classified as having deficient minds because we believe in gods and bridge shetland, goddesses that don’t line up with theirs. College Essay Statement? So we stand here and are scared to hold onto european our brown Gods, and the Gods sense we are scared. They know it and frown and slowly step back from us, leaving us here, on the other side with nothing to believe in. All that is left is the holes in our bodies from when we were whole, but now are hollow. The further our people get from our brown Gods, the closer they get to the United States.
You grew up with the land and the land grew with you and around you; framing the beautiful lines on your face. Grandma, unlike in your old Mexico where the trees are welcomed into homes through the statement windows and doors and wrap around the your houses in a protective embrace, or where the dust and soil are like part of the family, or where the fireflies light the red sky, the scenery in the United States is not welcoming. It doesn’t embrace you. It doesn’t grow with you. It grows, expands, decays, grows again, never once acknowledging your presence. A neighborhood once full of college statement life gets bought out to make room for bigger and better concrete. All while the people with our skin color get pushed out pure further and further into the decay. And from that decay, they rebuild and dwell. The United States hosts so many of statement our peoples bodies, but it never really welcomes them. There is always that awkward feeling floating around the bridge air that one gets when a guest has overstayed its welcome and both parties smile nervously awaiting for a departure. You know that nervous feeling Grandma, I saw you make that face when your comadre wouldn’t leave last Saturday night after you had coffee with her and your tired obsidian eyes just danced around her as if you were trying to essay statement, cha-cha her right out of your house.
I know you feel for me, and reviewing your, feel a loss. Because even though your roots are firm and stable, you see that ours aren’t and you can’t do anything but watch us leave and return tired. Essay? Our existence here is reviewing dissertation, uncertain. College Essay? Our limbs decaying. You notice how damaged our roots are from the shetland transplant and dried up from college essay statement, not having a stable place to grow into and hold on to. The soil is not the same. Bressay Bridge? Our people can’t grow on concrete. It’s too bad you brought us up with so much pride, I think to myself sometimes. It’s all your fault Anastacia. You, the warrior goddess who raised and fed all those children on corn you grew on your back.
You, who reminded yours that you brought them into the world and could take them out of it, if you wished to. Y o the traje a este mundo, y si quie r o te puedo saca r , you would say. You and your proud serpent spirit, the college statement shadow beast. You never needed nada de nadie , and you wished the same for us. You infected all the women in your family with that same spirit, the same pride. The same kind of bressay pride I hate when I see it coming from the whites who say all the illegal aliens are taking over their country. But I just look at essay statement my skin and the constellations my moles make on my arms, and the patterns they make remind me of yours and I laugh. I laugh because I don’t blame them, not always. I imagine them moving South and bringing their dull religion and customs with them and I cringe.
I understand they are only trying to european history research ideas, protect the little identity they have. Their red, white and blue colored pride. But yes abue, that same pride has taken over me, it both empowers me and tries to trip me up, to hurt me as I go. The pride is like the ancient serpent goddess: it will let you grab a hold of her but you never know her mood. She might be at peace that day and just dance in your hands, or she can grab you using her fangs and coil herself tightly around your arm. Essay? But, because I can’t hold on to you or our country, I risk it and I grab a hold on research paper ideas, to that pride shaped like a snake. I blame all this pride on you. I have a hard time deciding if it’s useful or not. Like the old Aztecs, the one’s before the warfare tactics took over and the essay female spirit was split into two and pure 2 coursework, before the Spanish rapists tried to erase our spirit, I, like the college old Aztecs grew up with you, with a matriarch, as the goddess.
Even if you, the picture report aging goddess never misses Sunday mass and essay, makes us, your grandchildren stand and kneel and stand again and praise the bleeding male God on the cross. Essays? A God that was pushed on college essay, you and pure, us, but one you took in college statement because you saw that he too was an shetland orphan. I wonder if you know we praise you? And stand and kneel only for you. You are our God, our Tonantsi. Blessed are you amongst grandmas.
Bendita seas tu . You who can make water turn into tequila, and provide it for college, our whole family who faithfully drinks for their sins every Sunday. So you ask me what changes when you go North and you ask me why I return to you so pale? Grandma, you don’t know this, but the further North you go into the US, once you cross, the essay tagore paler the air gets. Statement? Air so pale and dry it strips your skin of colors. Your? So please, stop teasing me about being so pale, it’s not my fault. You can rub all the beets in the world on my face and I still wouldn’t get the color I once had, the color I had before I left. I still qualify as a person of color to the whites, so that’s something, right? I agree with you, the air, the rain and clouds in college statement the U.S. are cab r ones because they keep our people so colorless, so pale. We can’t even wear our rightful brown skin. Tagore 750 Words? The browns and reds and burnt yellows we inherited from our aunts and uncles, the Aztecs and college statement, Los Mayas . Instead we walk around with just enough of on advertising criticisms a lazy brown to make us stand out from their whiteness.
Enough to essay, make us different. Enough to make us “aliens.” Brown aliens. So our color get’s washed away, slowly being taken away by the foreign clouds and the American rain. Essay Rabindranath? Our color washed away, but never our stupid pride, Grandma. You ask me why I come back so thirsty? You don’t know, but there are less real cantinas , or what you call them “Mexican water holes.” Less gossip, and less me r cados – yeah the ones with the essay statement pinatas on the ceiling, and the pig heads hanging from history research paper, hooks, and the smell of the spices and college essay, candied air… we don’t have those. The me r cados or tiendas that do exist are here for your dissertation, the amusement of the whites, so they can feel all warm and fuzzy and cultural. Whites like to college essay, buy all our colors, even if they are overpriced. I once went into a tienda and tried to have a conversation with the person at the counter taking my money and all I got was my change back and book report, a “I don’t speak your language, I’m not Mexican.” back. I don’t like that they accuse our people of statement not belonging, yet take our colors to make up for the lack of history research theirs. They take us and leave us as they please.
They like some parts of us, but not the whole. College Statement? The whole is too much to handle. Essays? Too much of essay a bother to deal with. Dissertation? Too much to understand. We are not as simple as they want us to be. You ask me why I come back so tongue-tied?
Why do I come back hablando chistosito ? My r’s weak from the long trip. English, which was once unnatural to me tries to college essay, take over my mouth and history, you notice it and frown. My tongue is too, split into two. And with my serpent tongue I speak here and there. Each end of the tip of the tongue dancing to a different rhythm. Our people are so confused when it comes to college, language. Picture Report? We can’t speak Spanish, but some of us don’t know English, so we mix them together. Un r evoltijo de lenguas , but that isn’t acceptable. The mixing of languages isn’t acceptable, it’s illegitimate, like us. Our people have created a border language, a language that lives on the bridge where we too live. “ Deslenguadas. Somos los del espanol deficiente . We are your linguistic nightmare, your linguistic aberration, your linguistic mestisaje, the essay subject of your burla . Essays? Because we speak with tongues of fire we are culturally crucified.
Racially, culturally and linguistically somos huerfanos – we speak an orphan tongue.” says Anzaldua. College Statement? I hear stories of essay rabindranath 750 words parents who prohibit their kids from learning their mother language for fear that if they speak something other than English they will be seen as less. Essay Statement? Don’t they know they are making them into “less?” I am thankful of my tongue split into two when I hear stories like this, because I’d rather have the tongue of your dissertation a serpent, split into two at the end, than to not know las palabras que salen de tu boca . In the wise words of Ray Gwyn Smith, “who is to say that robbing a people of essay statement its language is less violent than war?” And war is what those language borders create in our Mexican heads, but Grandma you wouldn’t understand. Your tongue is agile and your r’s are strong. You ask me why I run wild into the sugar cane fields in the back of your house, in european research and out and in and out. I run wild when I come back to stretch out the essay statement stiffness of life on the bridge. because our people are tired of hiding. We are so used to hiding up north.
We are so tired of burrowing our brown faces deeper and deeper into the ground for the fear of bridge being seen, being caught. So tired from giving in to the addictions of hiding out college essay statement behind our masks. Pure 2 Coursework? Our people get home from statement, work and in their isolation sit and your, eat their loneliness. College Essay Statement? Only they know how lonely it is to be here, not surrounded by people who look like you, who sound like you. That is what life is like on european research paper, the bridge, and it get’s tiring. So when we are back on the other side of the bridge: our side, we rejoice and college essay, drink, we take off our masks, sun our faces and shoot guns into the sky like fools who wish to reclaim what they left behind. To shoot it down from the ideas heavens hoping we have the right aim and that thing we’ve been stripped from essay statement, when we left falls right on our heads. You too, have asked me why our people come back so slouched?
Todos jo r obados . With green dollars in their hands, but slouched. Picture Book Report? I think the expectation is for college essay statement, our people to check their pride at bressay bridge the border, you see, and some do. Some forget who they were before they walked with the masks over their face, their real face. They don’t light candles for their deceased, they don’t remember how not to fear, they are scared to essay statement, look at their faces, they are scared of death. Essays Criticisms? Not me. I managed to sneak that pride in just like the bottles of Mezcal, the kind with the college essay statement little worm I always manage to sneak in when I fly back now that I have my papers. Now that I was given a piece of paper than says my crossing over doesn’t have to be the cause of my death. A green plastic card with my brown face on it that says that I’m one of the european history research lucky ones that can go out into the streets without the college statement fear of being kicked back. I managed to sneak in that dark pride you gave me because its color matched the history research paper ideas black and blue night over our heads the night we crossed the Arizona desert. That night when I and the other sixty something brown faces full of color crossed the dusty Arizona desert leaving tracks on the sand with our bellies as we dragged them through.
The blue night we had to claw ourselves into the ground to hide from the college statement border patrol in order to paper ideas, cross over to essay, a land that once belonged to our people. We didn’t fear because in some way, we had already been there. The desert recognized our faces and said hello and shetland, helped us on the way. The desert trusted us and said “I missed you” and college, “come back.” A desert that hid us behind her black arms so that we could make the bridge journey back to our old land safely. We knew the way and the way knew us. So the pride was snuck in, but something else got left behind. Either something gets left behind or you pick something up as you cross into college, this country. The Giver Book Report? Whatever it is, you never get it back. Whatever it is it’s heavy and makes the Mexican men walk all slouched, not like the men who walk like roosters on Sundays in your little towns plaza. I see the heaviness of that thing weigh down their bottom eyelids. Sometimes that thing is so heavy that their whole head tilts towards the ground.
Sometimes it splits them in half and you see only half of their body moving as they go, just when you think Mexican men can’t be any more damaged. Half of our women and half of our men out here in these American streets. Fragmented by essay statement their struggles, stripped of their beliefs, little decayed beings. “But I’ve behaved badly, and 2 coursework, life has been pretty good to me” was what you said to me once, after that other thing you said to me. Then it all made sense. You, with your twisted tongue, the cactus goddess, said with your eyes, a message in code that I don’t even think you understood. You could not have understood what it would mean to be because you are whole.
You said to me in code, and I understood. Statement? You knew you hadn’t conformed, no te portaste bien. Dissertation? You had owned both the light and college essay, the dark in you, the virgin and picture report, the whore. You didn’t let anyone take your wholeness away and that is what you wanted for us. That was the only way to be for you. You weren’t speaking to me as the virgin, or the whore. You owned your everything. Essay? And that to you was the only way to behave “well.” You let our ancient goddesses speak through your eyes and told me to hold on to that thing they passed down to you, and you to me.
To our people. I finally understood your words on the bridge. You tugged down on research, my ankles and I smiled at you. 11 thoughts on “ Cinco de Mayo guest essay: A Conversation with the Serpent ” Helluva post. Beautiful. College Essay Statement? Thank you.
how very lovely. i never thought about what you left behind. Essay Rabindranath Tagore? also thought you were lucky to be in our country. i didn’t consider you left a culture that you loved and understood, for a strange land. sometimes that new land did not welcome you or treat you kindly, thinking we are better than you are. for that i apologize. i feel the same unwelcome when i have gone to essay, your country. the bridge shetland language and food and customs are as strange to me, as ours must have seemed to you. Statement? how sad, that most of the time, we can’t just be human, not one race or another. we would learn and gain so much. i can only say welcome and will now have better understanding of reviewing your what i see when i interact with your culture. Reblogged this on college essay, Poem Blogger and commented: Though 3 weeks late, I have thoughts to what Andrea Barrios wrote though covers only part where she wrote of los conquistadores, Aztecs Mayas. Yes, los conquistadores did what was in Spain’s interests. But though I think Andrea Barrios knows this, for her to imply Aztecs were ‘noble savages’ living in peace with other Indians isn’t honest. Yes, los conquistadores sometimes raped Indian women but Andrea Barrios omits that Aztecs also sometimes committed rapes in that Aztecs would kidnap other Indian women girls to take as wives. Aztecs also had human sacrifices. History Research Paper? Pre-Columbian Aztecs and Incas conquered other tribes before los conquistadores Hernan Cortez and Francisco Pizarro conquered them.
This gets to college statement, los conquistadores from Spain (Portugal for european history research ideas, Brazil). Hernan Cortez got alot of help from Indian allies during conquest of essay statement Mexico, which took him 2 years to do. Criticisms? Los conquistadores were able to college essay, conquer Mexico because among other reasons they got help from Indian allies who were not happy being under the essay rabindranath tagore 750 words Aztecs. Los conquistadores would tell Aztecs, Incas other tribes was that the Indians had land, metals (iron, gold, silver, copper bronze) which they wanted, that to give it to college, them, or they’d fight a war to rabindranath, take it. They did this for Spain’s interests, which ended with 300 years of Spanish and Portuguese colonisation (Brazil). Colonization of Iberoamerica by Spain and Portugal in the 1500s would be imposing culture, including religion (Christianity) on Native Americans.
I am against essay statement, this as I believe in history research paper democracy and free will. I oppose el sistema de las castas which existed in Iberoamerica. But I also would not have wanted to live in college statement Mexico during time of Aztec sacrifices Andrea Barrios gives Noble Savage Myth here. ^^With my post above, point is not to agree with los conquistadores because los conquistadores did what was for report, Spain Portugal’s benefit @ American Indians expense. College? Point is that it’s dishonest to imply Aztecs were peaceful as Paintress Andrea Barrio implies. No, Native American tribal wars did not go into other continents while the bressay bridge shetland conquest of Native Americans by Europeans did. Essay Statement? But the idea is the bressay bridge same. if Aztecs had the advanced technology, the Aztecs would have been conquering other places in world as the Aztecs conquered other tribes before the Aztecs were conquered. College Statement? When it comes to thinking, people are the same. American Indians must be treated fairly. Aztecs must be treated with fairness.
In fact, all ethnic groups must be treated with fairness. Report? But to essay statement, make Native Americans to be Noble Savages who lived in peace is dishonest. This will be a long post. Other things-I lived in bridge Spain from 1981 to college essay, 1984 (I speak Spanish) have been to Spain twice in my adulthood 2012 (Madrid, el escorial, Segovia, Avila Salamanca along with visiting Fatima Portugal Lisboa Portugal) in May 2014 (Madrid, el escorial, Toledo, Cordoba Sevilla). Spaniards Portuguese are nice. Have also visited Costa Rica in bridge Sept. 2013. With Mexico, my guess is that Paintress Andrea Barrio is college, Mestiza-Spanish Amerindian mixed.
If she is Mestiza, there is essays, no need to college, put down her Spanish ancestry. Yes, Mexico other Iberoamerican nations were Spanish Portuguese (Brazil) colonies but they have been independent since 1800s. When it comes to thinking, Spaniards, Portuguese American Indians are the same, only that Spaniards Portuguese having better weapons were able to the giver picture book, colonize. again, in the case of Incas Aztecs (Mexico), los conquistadores took away American Indian conquests. Paintress Andrea Barrio also knows that US tourists travel most to Mexico it’s American companies who do work in Mexico. Gringos do help Mexico’s economy. American Indians must be treated fairly, fairly but also treat Europeans fairly. After the 2016 Ecuador earthquake, Spain was 1 of essay nations which sent help to Ecuador, it’s former colony. In my next 2 posts after this 1, I’ll discuss Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro. Though Paintress Andrea Barrio knows this, with American Indians or who are sometimes called Native Americans, American Indians ancestry goes back to Asia. Sioux Orientals would be distant cousins thousands of years earlier.
Wouldn’t be surprised if with some of the Indian tribes in bressay bridge shetland Mesoamerica, if their ancestry goes back to India. They have found mummied remains of college essay statement Whites in Peru Mexico, though this # is small, so there were a few Whites living there. I have read comments by Whites raising the fact that they treat Blacks, American Indians other groups fairly that it’s wrong to the giver picture report, condemn them for past wrongs which happened long ago, such as slavery. I believe it’s wrong to condemn people for past wrongs what matters is that they are fair. But there are Blacks, American Indians who condemn Whites no matter how fair a White person is.
This condemning is wrong. Essay Statement? If a White person treats a Black, American Indian, etc. fairly, then don’t make an issue. All ethnic groups must be treated fairly, which also means that American Indians must treat Whites fairly. On Advertising Criticisms? I support democracy and = rights for all ethnic groups.People are the same everywhere-Whites, Blacks, American Indians, etc. Anyhow, if it is about seeing American Indians have same rights as all others, then I support that. American Indians must have = rights when it comes to jobs, housing = punishment for crime based on facts circumstances of each case. I am against college essay, discrimination. But it must not be an us against them thinking let’s not have the Noble Savage theory because hypothetically, American Indians would have done the same thing if they had the capability or capacity to essays, do it as people are the same everywhere.
If American Indian tribes (esp. tribes like the statement Sioux, Comanches, Apaches, Aztecs, etc.) had better weapons capabilities, they would have been conquering other places in essays on advertising criticisms the world imposing their laws on others. What I’ve found with American Indians is that many times when they talk of ‘stolen land’ what they imply is ‘you did what I wanted to do.’ BRAVO, well said! With this post next 1, though it’s indirectly related to Paintress Andrea Barrio’s article in that it’s about Venezuela (a nation which like Mexico used to be a Spanish colony), it is indirectly relevant as it’s about Spaniards. Statement? Venezuelan dictator Nicolas Maduro Moros critiques Spain’s Leader Mariano Rajoy Brey because Spain supports Venezuela’s opposition by saying 1. Spain should only care about Spain’s problems not meddle in essays criticisms Venezuela’s affairs.
2. Essay? Accuses Spain’s PM of colonialism, racism, etc. With #1 , nothing wrong with that but Nicolas Maduro Moros sponsored Spain’s party Podemos to push policies favorable to him so Nicolas Maduro Moros talks with forked tongue. With #2 , while I don’t always agree with Mr. Mariano Rajoy Brey, bringing up past colonization is wrong. Nicolas Maduro Moros is a dictator, almost as bad as his ally Cuba’s Castro. Spaniards must not be censored for speaking against Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro Moros because Venezuela was once a Spanish colony. This contin. 750 Words? finishes my last post. Spain’s Pres. Mariano Rajoy Brey is wrong to essay, support bullfighting as there are faster ways to kill for european history research paper, food such as rifles. Most Spaniards under 30 years old are against bullfighting. Pres.
Mariano Rajoy Brey is right to be against Cataluna trying to college essay, unilaterally be a separate nation by referedums and Pres. Mariano Rajoy Brey is tagore 750 words, right to be against Venezuela’s dictator Nicolas Maduro Brey. It’s not racist to bring up fact that Nicolas Maduro Moros morally supports FARC guerrillas and college essay, drug traffickers. Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro Moros is corrupt. My Adventures As A Stay At Home Dad. Fighting hate by networking resources. Fighting hate by the giver book networking resources. Showing the statement world why conservatism is so Cool. Life#039;s a trip; this is Audreality.
Midwest dad dreaming of being a beach bum one day.
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Cours et exercices MERISE [Résolu/Fermé] Prepare par : Ahmed OULD TEBAKH, ing. Consultant en informatique. 05 decembre 2006. On considere une relation R construite sur les attributs Proprietaire, Occupant, Adresse, Noapt, Nbpieces, Nbpersonnes, un nuplet (p, o, a, n, nb1, nb2) ayant la signification suivante : la personne o habite avec nb2 personnes l'appartement de numero n ayant nb1 pieces dont le proprietaire est p. Une analyse de cette relation nous fournit un ensemble initial E de dependances fonctionnelles : adresse, noapt -- proprietaire. adresse, noapt -- occupant. adresse, noapt -- nbpieces. 1- Donner l'ensemble des dependances fonctionnelles elementaires engendrees par E.
2- Quelles sont les cles potentielles de R ? 3- R est elle en 3eme forme normale ? On considere le schema relationnel R defini sur les attributs suivants : un nuplet (c, p, h, s, e, n) a pour signification que le cours c est fait par le professeur p a l'heure h dans la salle s par l'etudiant e qui a recu la note n. L'ensemble E des dependances fonctionnelles initiales est le suivant : 1- Donner l'ensemble des dependances fonctionnelles elementaires engendrees par E. 2- Quelle est la cle de la relation R ? Montrer qu'elle est unique. 3- Quelle est la forme normale de la relation R ? Si elle n'est pas en 3FN proposer une decomposition en 3FN. On considere les deux relations suivantes ou les cles sont en caracteres gras : * LESFILMS(TITRE, PAYS, ANNEE, REALISATEUR, DUREE) et ou les attributs ont les significations et les types suivants: -TITRE : titre d'un film (chaine 50 caracteres) -PAYS : pays d'ou un film est originaire (chaine 10 caracteres) -ANNEE : annee de sortie du film (entier 4 chiffres) -REALISATEUR: Nom du realisateur du film (chaine 20 caracteres) - DUREE : duree du film en mn (entier 3 chiffres) -ACTEUR : Nom d'acteur (chaine 20 caracteres) La relation LESFILMS donne pour chaque film identifie par son titre, le pays , l'annee de sortie, realisateur et la duree. La relation LESACTEURS donne pour chaque film l'ensemble des principaux acteurs. A l'aide de l'algebre relationnelle exprimer les requetes suivantes:
Q1: Liste des films francais (titre, annee, realisateur). Q2: Donnez les annees de sortie des films tournes par GABIN. 1- soient les tables suivantes. Artiste(Num art Nom, prenom , date_nais) ?uvre (Num ov, titre) Produire( #Num_art #Num ov) 1. College Statement? schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees. 2- faire les requetes suivantes. a-compter le nombre d'artistes ? b- selectionner les noms des artistes qui commence par la lettre i ? c- compter le nombre d'?uvre ? d- selectionner les numeros des artistes qui commence par la lettre i ? e- selectionner les numeros des artistes qui sont produire l'?uvre numero 3 ? f- donner la liste des numeros des artistes qui ont pas produire. Dans le domaine curriculum vitae, on bressay bridge, dispose des informations ci-apres : 1- nom et prenom de l'individu.
2- date de naissance de l'individu. 3- langues pratiquees par l'individu. 4- designation du diplome. 5- designation des centres d'interet (sport, musique ) a- schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees ? b- donner le model relationnel des donnees ? Pour les etudiants de ISET on essay, utilise une base des donnees pour gerer les resultats de fin d’annee. The Giver Book Report? Cette base est composee des relations suivantes : Matiere ( codemat , coefjp ,coef_ecrit, coef_mat ) Etudiant ( numinsc ,nom ,prenom ,date_nais ?tel ) Evaluation ( # code_mat, # num insc , note_exam) 1. College Statement? schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees ? 2. Essays Criticisms? refaire le model relationnel des donnees ? 3. College Statement? creer les tables en mode de creation ? 4. Paper Ideas? remplissez les tables par des informations arbitraires ? 5. Essay? compter le nombre des etudiants qui sont inscrit ? 6. Ideas? quel est le nombre des matieres ? 7. College Statement? quel est le nombre des etudiants ayant une note d'examen superieur ou. 8. Pure 2 Coursework? quels sont les etudiants qui n'ont pas la moyenne dans l'examen ? 9. Statement? selectionner les etudiants qui sont passer l'examen ? 10. Paper Ideas? donner les noms ,les prenoms des etudiants qui ont la moyenne dans. 11. Essay? les matieres qui ne sont pas evaluer ? 12. Report? selectionner le code du matiere ,sa coefficient de TP, sa coeff. Statement? d'ecrit ? 13. Your? refaire question 12 en selectionnant aussi le note de l'examen ? Schema 1 - MODELE CONCEPTUEL DES DONNEES.
2. College? A partir de ce que l'on comprend du 1er schema, presentez un MCD corrige. 3. Essays On Advertising Criticisms? Deduisez de votre MCD un Modele Logique des Donnees normalise (toutes les relations en 3FN) ARTICLE (ref_art, lib_art, pu_art) RELEVE (date_vte, ref_art, no_vendeur, qte) CCIAL (no_vendeur, nom, prenom, ville) SECTEUR (code_secteur, ville_sect, no_vendeur) 1. College Statement? Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite d'entite : - Verifier les cles primaires (doivent etre uniques et non nulles) 2. On Advertising Criticisms? Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite de domaine : (Voir les rubriques Taille du champ, Masque de saisie, Valide si en utilisant l'aide contextuelle F1) - Le prix unitaire des articles ne peut pas etre inferieur ou egal a zero. - Le nom des commerciaux doit etre au maximum de 25 lettres majuscules, espaces autorises. 3. College? Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite de reference. 4. Essays? Creer la table SECTEUR.
5. College Statement? Ecrire les requetes permettant d'obtenir les informations suivantes : 1. European Research? Afficher les articles dont le prix est superieur a 500. 2. College Essay Statement? Afficher tous les articles dont le prix est compris entre 200 et 500 avec tri decroissant sur prix. 3. The Giver Report? Afficher les articles avec le prix converti en dollars (hyp. Statement? : 1 dollar = 1,07 ) 4. Rabindranath Tagore? Afficher les articles dont le libelle contient le mot clavier ou Clavier 5. Essay Statement? Afficher le nombre d'articles disponibles. 6. Pure? Afficher le prix de l'article le plus cher, le moins cher et le prix moyen. 7. Essay? Afficher les ref et lib des articles ayant ete vendus au moins une fois. 8. The Giver Report? Afficher le montant total des ventes realisees par Gates. 9. Essay? Afficher la ref et le libelle des articles vendus en mars 2002, tries par libelle.
10. Essay Rabindranath 750 Words? Afficher pour chaque date, le montant total des ventes journalieres, trie par CA decroissant. 11. Statement? Dates ou il y a eu au moins une vente (sans doublons) 12.
Liste (libelle) des articles qui ont ete vendus au moins une fois (sans doublons) 13. On Advertising Criticisms? Nombre d'articles differents ayant ete vendus (chaque ref trouvee compte pour 1) 14. Essay? Libelle des articles tries par prix decroissant (uniquement ceux dont la ref. Bressay Bridge? est superieure a 1040, en excluant ceux dont le prix est superieur a 1000 ) 15. College Essay? Articles dont le nom contient « disquette » ainsi que ceux dont le prix est superieur a 20K. 16. Bridge? Articles dont le prix est compris entre 10K et 15K , tries par prix decroissant. 17. Statement? Ref. Essay Rabindranath Tagore 750 Words? des articles et quantite totale vendue de chaque article. 18.
Pour chaque date, quantite moyenne journaliere d’articles vendus. 19. College Essay Statement? Nom des vendeurs ayant vendu quelque chose le 13/01/2002. 20. Essays Criticisms? Afficher pour chaque nom de vendeur, le CA total realise en janvier 2002. 21. College Essay Statement? Libelle et prix des articles moins chers que la « pince a listing » (vous n’etes bien sur pas cense connaitre le prix de la pince) 22. The Giver Picture Book Report? Libelle et quantite vendue de l’article qui detient le record de ventes journalieres. 23.
Liste des vendeurs habitant dans la meme ville que le vendeur n°13. 24. Essay? Ref. 2 Coursework? et libelle des articles pour lesquels il n’y a pas eu de vente. Exercice 1 : soit le model conceptuel suivant. 2. College Essay? les associations entre les entites ? 3. Research Ideas? quels sont les types de ces associations ? 4. Essay? selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms des auteurs? 5. Picture? selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms, tel des auteurs ? 6. College Essay? selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms, dates des naissances des auteurs qui realisons. 7. History Research? selectionner les code, noms, prenoms , dates des naissances des auteurs qui realisons. des exercices qui possede des difficultes ? 8. Statement? donner les codes d'exercices et sont types et ces nombres qui possede des difficultes ? 9. Book Report? donner les types des difficultes et ces libelles estimer ? 10. College Essay? donner le code d'exercice et son type et sa difficulte qui lui possede ? Exercice 1 : soit le model conceptuel suivant. 2. Pure 2 Coursework? les associations entre les entites ? 3. College? deduire le MRD ? 4. Bressay? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms ? 5. College? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs qui sont fait le match numero 2 ? 6. Book Report? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs qui sont fait le match numero 1 ? 7. College? refaire question 6 en affichant le temps ? 8. Criticisms? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms, prenoms et ces equipes ? 9. Statement? les equipes qui sont joue des matches ? 10. The Giver Report? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms, prenom, l'action qu'ils.
11. Essay Statement? selectionner les numeros des licence des joueurs, noms, prenom, l'action qu'ils faisant. et dans quelle match ? Epargnant (n°epargnant ,nom,prenom) Ce Schema correspond aux places financieres ou sont cotes les titres (action ,obligations, ..)de l’entreprise. Ces titres sont detenus par des epargnants. Pure? Un epargnant peut detenir plusieurs portefeuilles de titres qui peuvent etre geres par divers societes d’intermediation. A – Creer la base de donnees Compte en respectant le MLD ci-dessus. B – Ecrire les requetes SQL suivantes : 1. College Statement? La liste des epargnants qui possedent le titre WAFABANK. 2. Essays? Les titres cotes a la fois a la place de casablanca et au caire.
3. College? Calcul des valeurs des titres detenus par Mr SUBHI. 4. Pure? Les titres qui ont progresse de plus de 20% depuis leur introduction en bourse. 5. Essay Statement? Suppression des titres du portefeuille n°15 du monsieur hassani. 6. Essay Rabindranath Tagore 750 Words? Les actionnaires detenant l’action BMCE et BCM. 7. Essay Statement? Les epargnants qui n’ont plus de portefeuille de titre. 8. Shetland? Les societes d’intermediation qui ne gerent plus de portefeuilles contenant le titre ONA. Prepare par : Ahmed OULD TEBAKH, ing. Consultant en informatique. 05 decembre 2006. Mots-clef : Merise.
MCD. Essay Statement? entite, association, MLD. Your? relation, traduction, MPD. 1 Modele conceptuel de donnees (MCD) 2. 11 Sc hema (mtite-assoriatioi) 2. 1.2 Cas particuliers 4. 13 Roules de normalisation 6. 14 Methodlogie 7. 2 Modele logique de donnees (MLD) 7. 2.1 Systemes logiques 7. 2.2 Scliema relationnel 8. 2.3 Traduction 8.
3 Modele physique de donnees (MPD) 12 4 Retro-conception 12. 5 Compleme nts 13. 5.1 Agregation 13. 5.2 Identifiant relatif 14. 5.3 Sous entite .. Essay Statement? . Bressay Shetland? .. College Essay Statement? 16. 5.-3 Sous-associat ion .. Essay Tagore 750 Words? . Statement? 17.
2 MODELE LOGIQUE DE DONNEES (MLD) 8. 2.2 Schema relationnel. Concentrons-nous sur le MLDR. Pure 2 Coursework? Lorsque des donnees ont la meme structure (comme par exemple, les bordereaux de livraison), on college statement, peut les organiser en table dans laquelle les colonnes decrivent les champs en commun et les lignes contiennent les valeurs de ces champs pour chaque enregistrement. Les lignes d'une table doivent etre uniques, cela signifie qu'une colonne (au moins) doit servir de cle primaire. European History? La cle primaire d'une ligne ne doit pas changer au cours du temps et ne peut contenir la valeur NULL, alors que les autres colonnes le peuvent. Par ailleurs, il se peut qu'une colonne Colonnel d'une table ne doive contenir que des valeurs prises par une colonne Colonne2 d'une autre table (par exemple, le numero du client sur une commande doit correspondre a un vrai numero de client). College Essay? La Colonne2 doit etre sans doublons (bien souvent il s'agit d'une cle primaire) et on bridge, dit que la Colonnel est cle etrangere.
Par convention, on essay statement, souligne les cles primaires et on picture, fait preceder les cles etrangeres d'un diese # dans la description des colonnes d'une table : clients(numero client, nom client, prenom, adresse client, . College Essay? ) commandes(numero commande, date, #numero client, . Bridge? ) - une meme table peut avoir plusieurs cles etrangeres mais une seule cle primaire (eventuellement. composees de plusieurs colonnes) ; - une cle etrangere peut aussi etre primaire; une cle etrangere peut etre composee (c'est le cas si la cle primaire en liaison est composee). Essay Statement? La section suivante contient des exemples. On peut represente]- les tables d'une base de donnees relationnelle par un schema relationnel dans lequel les tables sont appelees relations et les liens entre les cles etrangeres et leur cle primaire est symbolise par un connecteur : Pour traduire un MOD en troisieme forme normale en un MLDR. Your? il suffit d'appliquer cinq regles (a connaitre par coeur). Essay? Mais avant, on essays on advertising criticisms, dit qu'une association entre deux entites (eventuellement reflexive) est de type : - 1 : 1 si les deux cardinalites sont 0,1 ou 1,1 ; - 1 : n si une des deux cardinalite est 0,n ou l.n; - n : m (plusieurs a plusieurs) si les deux cardinalites sont 0,n ou l,n. En fait, un schema relationnel ne peut faire la difference entre 0,n et l,n. Essay Statement? Par contre, il peut la faire outre 0.1 et 1,1 (cf. History Research Ideas? regles 2 et 3). Regle 1 : toute entite devient une table dans laquelle les attributs deviennent des colonnes. Statement? L'identifiant de l'entite constitue alors la cle primaire de la table. Par exemple, l'entite articles de la figure 9 devient la table : articles(numero article, nom article, prix unitaire de vente, . 2 Coursework? ) Regle 2 : dans le cas de deux entites reliees par une association de type 1 : n, on college, ajoute une cle etrangere dans la table cote 0.1 ou 1,1, vers la cle primaire de la table cote 0,n ou l,n. Essays Criticisms? Les attributs de l'association glissent vers la table cote 0,1 ou 1,1.
Et si la cardinalite est 1,1 alors la cle etrangere ne peut recevoir la valeur NULL (autrement dit, vide interdit). Par exemple, l'association livrer de la figure 9 est traduite par : fournisseurs(numero fournisseur, nom fournisseur, telephone, . College Statement? ) livraisons(numero livraison, date, #numero fournisseur (non vide), nom livreur) ajoute une contrainte d'unicite sur chaque de ces cles etrangeres la colonne correspondante ne peut. prendre que des valeurs distincte- Les attributs de l'association sont alors repartis vers l'une des deux tables. The Giver? Et si la cardinalite est 1.1 alors la cle etrangere concernee ne peut recevoir la valeur NULL (autre¬ment dit, vide. Par exemple. College Essay? l'association resider de la figure 8 est traduite p. etres humains(numero personnel, nom, prenom, #numero appartement (unique), date d'entree, . Bressay Shetland? ) logement(numero appartement, adresse, #numero personnel (unique), montant du loyer, . College Statement? ) En fait, la regle 3 considere que le type 1 : 1 correspond a deux type 1 : n symetriques. Bressay Bridge Shetland? Autre technique : ajouter une table intermediaire dont la cle primaire est composee de cles etrangeres vers les cles primaires des tables en association et une contrainte d'unicite sur ces cles etrangeres (c'est-a-dire considerer le type ] : 1 comme un cas particulier du type n : m) : etres humains(numero personnel, nom, prenom, . College Essay Statement? ) logement(numero appartement, adresse, . Book? ) resider(#numero personnel (unique), #numero appartement (unique), date d'entree, montant du loyer) 2 MODELE LOGIQ UE DE DONNEES (MLD) 11. Par exemple, l'association concerner (1) de la figure 9 est traduite par : articles(numero article, nom article, prix unitaire de vente, . College? ) lignes de commande (tournero commande, #numero article, quantite commandee) commandes(numero commande, date, . Rabindranath Tagore 750 Words? ) exemple, l'association vols de la figure 7 devient la table : . College Essay? s(#numero avion, toumero pilote, toumero aeroport, date et heure, duree, distance)
3 Modele physique de donnees (MPD) Bien que certains outils (PowerAMC notamment) considere que le MPD et le MLD representent la meme chose, c'est faux. Tagore? Le MPD est une implementation particuliere du MLD pour un materiel, un environnement et un logiciel donne. Notamment, le MPD s'interesse au stockage des donnees a travers le type et la taille (en octets ou en bits) des attributs du MCD. College? Cela permet, de prevoir la place necessaire a chaque table dans le cas d'un SGBDR. Le MPD tient compte des limites materielles et logicielles afin d'optimiser l'espace consomme et d'optimiser le temps de calcul (qui representent deux optimisations contradictoires). Essays On Advertising Criticisms? Dans le cas d'un SGBDR, le MPD definit les index et peut etre amene a accepter certaines redondances d'information afin d'accelerer les requetes. Par exemple, la table commandes de la figure 14 peut etre supprimees et ses colonnes, notamment date, sont ajoutees a la table lignes de commandes. College Essay? On renonce donc a la troisieme forme normale.
Une application pratique de la separation entre le MLDR et le MPD est le portage d'une base de nees d'un SGBD a un autre. Pure 2 Coursework? Par exemple, on college essay statement, peut traduire un MPD Access on the giver report, un MLDR puis traduire MLDR en un MPD Oracle. Dans la majorite des cas, le travail du concepteur de bases de donnees consiste non pas a creer une. mais plutot a corriger ou etendre une base existante. College Statement? Dans ce cas, la donnee est un modele lethode consiste a. Ideas? le traduire en un modele conceptuel, modifier ce modele et regenerer le modele physique modifie.
Il s'agit de retro-conception ou reverse engineering. bases de donnees relationnelles, il suffit de traduire le modele physique en un MLDR, puis d'appiquer les regles de traduction du paragraphe 2.3 dans le sens inverse. Regle 1 les tables dont la cle primaire est non composee (et non cle etrangere) deviennent des. entites ( les colonnes - non cles etrangeres deviennent dos attributs et la cle primaire devient identifiant). Regle 2 : les tables dont la cle primaire est composee (exclusivement) de cles etrangeres deviennent. des associations n-aires, ou n est le nombre de colonne definissant la cle primaire (les autres colonnes non.
cles etrangeres de viennent attributs). Regle 3 : les colonnes cles etrangeres restantes deviennent des associations binaires de type 1 : n (il reste a re-inventer leur nom). Regle 4 : les cardinalites minimales sont 1 si figure la. College Essay? mention (non vide) et a retrouver par le bon sens sinon (0 par defaut). Pure? Les cardinalites maximales sont 1 ou n selon que la mention (unique) figure ou non. Les extensions presentees dans cette section font partie de la version 2 de Merise (cf. College? [ ]).
Elles. permettent de traiter certaines situations reelles plus simplement. Exemple : dans un entreprise dont les representants vendent des produits dans differentes regions, une des regles de gestion est qu'un produit pour une region donnee, ne peut etre vendu que par un seul representant. Si on criticisms, se contente du schema de la figure 17, alors cette regle n'est pas forcement respectee. Essay Statement? Il faut. L'agregation constitue alors une entite dont l'identifiant est compose des identifiants de ses propres. representants(numero representant, nom representant, . Criticisms? ) regions(numero region, nom region, . College Essay Statement? ) produits(numero produit, nom produit, . On Advertising Criticisms? ) couvrir(#numero region, ftnumero produit. Statement? #numero representant (non vide), date et heure) type n : m (cf. Book Report? figure 19). Essay? alors le schema relationnel ferait intervenir une table supplementaire. representants(numero representant, nom representant, . Essays On Advertising Criticisms? ) regions(numero region, nom region, . Statement? ) produits(numero produit, nom produit, . European History Research Paper? ) couvrir(numero region. Essay? #numero produit) vendre(##numero region. Your Dissertation? ##numero produit, #numero representant, date et heure) une eut: du batiment numerote les factures relatives a un chantier par le numero du. -uivi d'un numero automatique. Essay? Les factures du chantier 14 sont 1401, 1402 et 1403 tandis que . Pure? chantier 15 sont 1501 et 1502.
Exemple : les factures d'une entreprise font l'objet d'un reglement par cheque ou par carte. College Essay Statement? Cette entreprise souhaite connaitre pour tous les reglements, leur date, pour les reglements par cheque, le nom de la banque et le numero du cheque et pour les reglements par carte, le numero de la carte, le nom de la banque et la date d'expiration. On a donc une entite generique reglements et deux entites specialisees cheques et cartes. Your Dissertation? Ces deux sous-entites de l'entite reglements ont des attributs propres mais pas d'identifiants propres. Sur le schema entite-association, on college statement, represente le lien qui unie une sous-entite a son entite generique par une fleche (cf. European History Paper Ideas? figure 22 ).
La traduction des sous-entites au niveau logique relationnel fait intervenir une cle primaire commune ussi etrangere : reglements(numero reglement, date, nom banque) cheques(#numero reglement, numero cheque) cartes(#numero reglement, numero carte, date expiration) Remarque au niveau logique objet, on statement, retrouve la notion d'heritage. Exemple : une entreprise artisanale vend non seulement des produits a prix unitaire fixe, mais aussi des produits sur mesure dont le prix unitaire est calcule a partir de la duree de confection et d'un taux horaire. Dans ce cas. The Giver Picture Book Report? non seulement l'entite produits est specialisee en produits standards et produits personnalises, mais en plus, l'association concerner entre les entites commandes et produits est specialisee selon qu'il s'agit d'un produit standard ou personnalise (cf. Essay Statement? figure 23 ). On a alors les sov s-associations concerner standard et concerner personnalise dont le lien avec l'association generique concerner est represente par une fleche. Dans le schema relationnel, les sous-associations sont traduites de la meme maniere que l'association generique correspondante, mais avec leurs attributs propres : produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Pure? ) produits standards(#(l)numero produit, prix unitaire) produits personnalises(#(2)numero produit, taux horaire) coccndes(numero commande, date, . College Essay? . European History Research Ideas? . College Essay? ) concerner(#numero commande, #numero produit, quantite) concerner standard(##numero commande, 3#(l)numero produit) concerner personnalise(##numero corjr.ar.de. Picture Book? ##(2)numero produit, duree)
Interets de la decomposition MCD/MLD/MPD : - le MOD permet d'eviter certaines erreurs de conception (en contradiction avec les regles de norma¬ le MCD permet de voir facilement quelles associations de type n : m, non binaires ou reflexives sont en presence (c'est important) ; - le MLD peut etre obtenu automatiquement par des outils de genie logiciel ; - le MCD peut etre traduit en differents MLD coherents (notamment on college statement, peut traduire un MCD en. un MLDR puis en une base de donnees Access tandis qu'en parallele le MCD est traduit en un. ensemble de classes Java (MPD oriente objet) afin de developper une application web sur cette base. Cependant, la methodologie Merise est typiquement francaise. Rabindranath Tagore? En Grande-Bretagne, la methodologie standard s'appelle SSADM (Structured Systems Analysis ans Design Method) et repose sur les memes principes. College? Les nord-americains utilisent ce qu'on appelle des diagrammes de flux dont les principes sont repris par la version 2 de Merise. Aujourd'hui, ce sont les methodologies objets et leur unification UML (Unified Modeling Language, autrement dit langage unifie de modelisation objet) qui tendent a remplacer Merise et ses extensions objets. Rabindranath Tagore 750 Words? Le lecteur est donc invite a se documenter sur le cadre UML pour etre a la pointe de l'etat de l'art en methodologie de conception. Table des figures.
2 Associations 2. 1 Identifiants 3. 5 Cardinaiites 4. (i Association reflexive 4. 7 Association ternaire 5. 8 Associations plurielles 5. 9 Normalisation des relations G. 10 Schema relationnel 8. 11 Traduction d'une association de type 1 : n 9. !) Traduction d'une association de type 1:1 10.
13 Traduction alternative d'une association de type 1:1 10. M Traduction d'une association de type n : m 11. 15 Traduction d'une association ternaire 11. 16 Sacrifice de la troisieme forme normale 12. 17 Mauvais MCD 13. 18 Solution avec- agregation 14. 19 Agregation avec une association de type n : m 15. 20 Identifiant par concatenation 15. 21 Representation d'un identifiant relatif 16.
22 Representat ion des sous-entites 16. 23 Representation des sou^-associa?ions 17. mon email est : email@example.com. Pour les reponses aux questions sur MERISE : il y a aussi l'excellente F.A.Q MERISE : http://uml.developpez.com/faq/merise/ je veux savoir est ce que le nombre des flux du MCC doivent etre egaux aux nombres d'operations du MCT? et merci d'avance. pour les ex de merise pour debutant je vous propose ce site: j'espere que je trouve celui qui va m'aider sachant j'ai un examen sur les systemes d'information dans 5 jours. 1/ Construire le MCD a partir des informartions recoltees aupres des utilisateurs et determiner ainsi les entites en jeux, les associations, les cardinalites ie les regles de gestions, les proprietes. 2/ Construire le MCT = cad traduire les consequences d unevenement precis sur le SI. Je comprend ce qu est le MCT . College? Ce que je ne comprend c est a quel moment il intervient dans la realisation de mon SI automatise . Essay Rabindranath 750 Words? Je sais que le MCD se traduit facilement en MLd mais que vient faire le MCT dasn tt ca? 3/ Le MOT = comment se determine t il et meme question sur son action dans la realisation du SI. le mct va definire la circulation des docs etudies par expl l'evenemant declancheur c'est le depot d'un dossier (pour inscription) op: verification du dossier.
etat(resultat de l'op): dossier accepter ou dossier rejeter. pour le mot vous allez en + vous allez etre obliger de definir le type de l'op (manuel, automatique ou semiautomatique) c'est tous que je me rappel pour l'instant. je suis un etudiant en systeme d'information j'ai besoin queleque. donne sur l'analyse merise. Si c'est possible je veux quelques exercices sur MLT (guidage fonctionnel, NNI, dialogue) et la quantification des MOD de la methode merise version 2. le site que vous cherchez est le suivant:www.enitab.fr/resource_pedago/support_cours/merise. je le trouve tres interressant. si vous voulez je cherche un site riche en UML. Min ketata hajer. si c'est possible, je veux quelques exercices sur MLT(guidage fonctionnel, NNI, dialogue) et sur la quantification des MOD de la methode MERISE 2. je vous serai reconnaissant si vous me repondez. prendre comme le cas d'un debutant.
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Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers -
Crafting an Unforgettable College …
From Didion to Dunham, Female Essayists Seize the Day. “There is nothing gutsier to me than a person announcing that their story is one that deserves to be told, especially if that person is a woman,” writes Lena Dunham in the introduction to college essay, her essays-cum-memoir Not That Kind of Girl: A Young Woman Tells You What She’s “Learned.” But does simply announcing one has a story automatically legitimize its telling? Surely there needs to be some kind of discerning critical judgment involved? Writing a good essay involves a process akin to alchemy; the base metal of intimate, individual experience is bridge shetland, transmuted into a shining nugget of universal truth, the meaning of which resonates with a larger audience. “I never sit down to write anything personal unless I know the subject is going to go beyond my own experience and address something larger and more universal,” explains essayist and columnist Megan Daum in a recent interview in the New Yorker . In a piece published in the New York Times last year under the title “The Essayification of Everything,” Christy Wampole takes her readers through a brief history of the form—from Michel de Montaigne’s Essais from college 1580; Francis Bacon’s appropriation of the term from French to English for his 16th century work; Robert Musil’s use of the term “essayism” ( Essayismus in the original German) for rabindranath tagore 750 words, the “leakage” of the statement essay, “when it cannot be contained by its generic borders;” through Adorno’s quote about the “essay’s groping intention.” “The essayist,” Wampole then goes on to explain, “is interested in thinking about tagore 750 words, himself thinking about things.” Note her use of the college essay male pronoun at a point in essays on advertising criticisms, her essay that deals entirely with the genre’s male progenitors. But only a few paragraphs later, where she’s describing the work of the college essay figure she calls the “true essayist,” there’s a switch in gender and the “he” becomes a “she”: “Our often unreflective quickness means that little time is spent interrogating things we’ve touched upon. Bridge Shetland! The experiences are simply had and then abandoned. The true essayist prefers a more cumulative approach; nothing is ever really left behind, only put aside temporarily until her digressive mind summons it up again, turning it this way and that in a different light, seeing what sense it makes.
She offers a model of humanism that isn’t about profit or progress and does not propose a solution to life but rather puts endless questions to college statement, it.” I might well be reading too much into shetland, this slippage, but I like the idea of “the essayist” as a figure subject to college, the same gender vacillations as Woolf’s Orlando; and one who, at this particular moment in history, time, is proudly embodying the essay statement female gender. Your! From cultural critic Susan Sontag and journalist-turned-screenwriter-turned-novelist (and Dunham’s mentor) Nora Ephron, and on through to the host of talented female essayists writing today, this is clearly a flourishing genre that the following women writers—in my mind some of the college essay best writing today—are very much making their own; as Carol Hanisch famously declared in 1969, the personal is political; if, that is, one’s personal experience is mined eloquently and intelligently enough. Joan Didion, Slouching Towards Bethlehem (1968) It would be impossible to talk about female essayists without beginning with Joan Didion, not least because she pioneered the emotional engagement we’ve come to expect from all essay writers today, male or female. European Research Ideas! As Susan Faludi, writing in the New York Observer , pertinently summed up Didion’s influence: she taught a generation of writers to turn their journalism into “a personal expression.” Though, as fellow writer Katie Roiphe argues, the conversion of the college essay masses to bressay bridge, this “emotionally charged and essay statement coolly intellectual” way of writing, has rendered the original voice oddly derivative. “Didion’s writing was so original, so distinctive, that paradoxically she has lost her originality,” Roiphe claims. Reviewing! “She has become mundane, traces of her sharp personal lyricism scattered through newspapers and college magazines.” All the same, it’s still worth reading anything and everything Didion writes, particularly her first, and probably most famous collection, Slouching Towards Bethlehem ; works inspired, for the giver report, the most part, by statement Didion’s life in California that together paint a vivid portrait of American life in the ’60s, all crystalized through Didion’s unflinching eyes. Janet Malcolm, Forty-One False Starts (2013)
Another grande dame of American letters, Janet Malcolm is 2 coursework, a staff writer at statement the New Yorker who’s famous for her rigorously intellectual and pure 2 coursework intelligent reportage. As well as eight non-fiction books—the subjects of which range from biography, literary criticism, and statement psychoanalysis, to her infamous meditation on the ethics of her own profession, The Journalist and the Murderer (1990), which begins what must be one of the most incendiary, and most quoted opening lines in non-fiction: “Every journalist who is not too stupid or too full of himself to pure, notice what is going on knows that what he does is essay statement, morally indefensible”—she’s the author of pure 2 coursework three collections of essays. Statement! The most recent, Forty-One False Starts , contains one of the best pieces of reviewing your writing on the Bloomsbury Group I’ve ever read, “A House of One’s Own;” while other particular noteworthy inclusions are her 1986 profile of Artforum magazine’s editor Ingrid Sischy, “A Girl of the Zeitgeist,” as well as the stylistically innovative profile of the artist David Salle from which the collection takes its title. Malcolm has the last word on any subject she writes about, from the marriage of poets Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath to the very art of biography. Unlike her fellow essayists, Malcolm is both an absence and a presence in her work.
Yet the pieces of essay hers that delight the most often feature a moment of Malcolmian self-reflection—the instance when she realizes that although she’s been claiming that she brought her own work to Salle while interviewing him in order to simply illustrate the difference between that of an amateur and a professional, she had secretly been hoping for his praise; or, a year after the european history paper ideas fact, when she realizes that something Sischy once said to her was in fact a “covert commentary” on their relationship. Hers is a particular brand of essay: writing at essay its most crystal clear, subject matter at its most slippery and interesting. Katie Roiphe, In Praise of pure 2 coursework Messy Lives (2012) The essays in Katie Roiphe’s In Praise of Messy Lives were described by Dwight Garner in his New York Times review as “lean and literate”, a description so good, I don’t see how I can improve on it. With pieces on the giants who precede her (that on Didion quoted above, and essay Sontag), those in which she wades around in 2 coursework, the territory of gender politics in which she made her name (her first book The Morning After: Fear, Sex and Feminism  explored the culpability of women in the rise of suspected campus date rape incidents, inspiring, unsurprisingly, some hostile critical responses), musings on literature (from the figure of Shakespeare’s wife, Ann Hathaway, to the modern incest scene in fiction), and the problems of the contemporary child-centric middle-class world, to college, name but a smattering of Roiphe’s topics, it’s a collection that both celebrates and questions our messy, modern lives and the way we live them. Rebecca Solnit, Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness (2014) Solnit is one of the most prolific writers on my list—the author of pure 15 books and countless essays—and one of the college essay most far-reaching in terms of the 750 words subjects with which she concerns herself, too. Apt then that her next book parades this scope so proudly.
The 29 essays that make up Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness (due for publication in essay statement, November) are global in picture, their reach, combining meditations on history, politics, science, art, literature, climate change and natural disasters, and take us from the snowy tundra of the Arctic to the carnival-filled streets of college essay statement New Orleans. On Advertising Criticisms! She’s also a writer who pushes the already pliable boundaries of the essay form— The Faraway Nearby (2013), ostensibly a memoir, but actually a book that covers its own near exhaustive encyclopedia of topics, was eloquently described by writer Leslie Jamison as “an experiment in college essay statement, applying the associative liberties of the essay genre to an entire book.” Leslie Jamison, The Empathy Exams (2014) Jamison’s keen eye for on advertising criticisms, the magic of Solnit’s work can be accounted for in part by college the fact that she is an intrepid practitioner of the confessional form herself. Reviewing Dissertation! In her opinion, a good essay “blends inquiry and confession into a hybrid weave that deepens each,” thus drawing “personal material into public mattering.” The Empathy Exams, Jamison’s first collection (though two further compendia: Archive Lush , which has been described as a “radical reinvention of the addiction memoir,” and Ghost Essays: On Love and college essay Loneliness , on european haunting and obsession, have already been acquired by both Granta in college essay statement, the U.K. and Little, Brown in the U.S.), concerned itself with the realm of distinctly intimate experience—her heart surgery, an abortion, and bridge shetland the time a stranger punched her in the face—but, as the title suggests, these are essays that don’t simply turn the private into the communal, they explore the very notion of the act that lies at the heart of good essay writing: of aligning one’s experience with that of others, and vice versa. “Empathy isn’t just something that happens to us—a meteor shower of synapses firing across the brain—it’s also a choice we make,” Jamison explains: “to pay attention, to extend ourselves. It’s made of exertion, that dowdier cousin of impulse. Sometimes we care for essay, another because we know we should, or because it’s asked for, but this doesn’t make our caring hollow. 2 Coursework! The act of choosing simply means we’ve committed ourselves to a state of behaviors greater than the sum of our individual inclinations: I will listen to college statement, his sadness, even when I’m deep in european history research ideas, my own . To say going through the motions— this isn’t reduction so much as acknowledgement of the effort—the labor, the motions , the dance—of getting inside another person’s state of heart or mind.” Meghan Daum, The Unspeakable: And Other Subjects of Discussion (2014)
By comparison to Jamison, Daum has always been eager to point out that the pieces she writes are “not confessionals.” The introduction to college statement, her first collection My Misspent Youth (2001) continues thus: “I am not a person who keeps a journal. Shetland! Instead, I’m inclined to college, catalog my experiences and turn them over in my head until some kind of theme emerges and reviewing dissertation I feel I can link the personal banalities to college essay, something larger and worth telling.” Despite their apparent differences of opinion, this actually sounds decidedly familiar to Jamison (and Wampole’s) description of the the giver genre, but one in which Daum—“for all my ambivalence about mining my own life for material, I can’t seem to quit for very long,” she admits in the introduction to her forthcoming volume The Unspeakable— is well aware she’s treading a tightrope. College Statement! As she explains in a recent interview with the New Yorker : “To me, having ‘material’ for an essay means not only having something to reviewing dissertation, write about but also having something interesting and original to say about whatever that might be.” Fundamentally, the subjects of statement her new essays are deeply and intimately personal—the death of her mother, the grief she feels when her dog dies, the time she nearly died herself, her decision to not have children, one made at the same time she was working as a court appointed mediator for children in the giver book, the foster care system—but as she explains, “I wasn’t going to just write about my mother dying or my dog dying or me getting sick and almost dying. I wanted to offer readers some fresh or provocative interpretations of those events.” Emily Gould, And the Heart Says Whatever (2009) Earlier this summer the New York Times argued that “a case could be made that Ms. Gould’s warts-and-all brand of self-exposure anticipated a wave of college essay confessional writing that paved the way for reviewing your, Girls ” (and thus by college statement extension, Not That Kind of dissertation Girl ). They’re referring predominantly, of statement course, to Gould’s prolific blogging (including the the giver picture pieces she wrote for Gawker during the time she worked for the New York-based gossip blog site). But Gould also authored her own book of essay essays-cum-memoir, And the Heart Says Whatever , a collection of elegantly written, melancholy-tinged accounts of her life in essays on advertising, New York, which preceded Dunham’s adoption of the same structure for her book.
Marina Keegan, The Opposite of Loneliness (2014) I’m breaking my own rules here as this wasn’t just a collection of college essays, (it also featured Keegan’s short stories), but with good reason. Published posthumously after Keegan was tragically killed in a car accident just five days after she graduated from Yale in 2012, The Opposite of Loneliness showcases the essays on advertising criticisms small but perfectly formed body of work Keegan left behind. Despite her youth, her writing already demonstrated a talent and skill beyond her years; essays such as “Even Artichokes Have Hearts,” in which she laments the college statement fact that 25 percent of her peers would be lured into working for on advertising, corporate consulting and finance firms, initially published in the Yale Daily News before being picked up by the New York Times ; the piece she wrote for the graduation issue of the college same Yale paper (and from which the published collection takes its name), which went viral on the Internet after her death; “Stability in Motion,” a piece about her first car that now can’t help but take on on advertising criticisms a darker undertone; and college essay statement a surprisingly moving profile of a bug and rodent exterminator, “I Kill For Money.” To return to the question I posed at the beginning of this piece, if not every story is automatically worth telling, the flipside of this is that if Keegan’s work proves anything it’s that sometimes the essay briefest of experiences can fuel the best writing.